Heat - A typical symptom with many diseases. It is focusing on the temperature, we often define, a man is sick or not. But this is not quite right, because the temperature is only a manifestation of the disease, and not the disease itself. Therefore, knock down the temperature - does not mean to recover. It is necessary not only to fight with a high temperature, but to determine which disease it caused, and to treat it. And for this you need to consult a doctor.
Signs of high temperature
The fact that the temperature rises, the following signs (symptoms) can say:
- The feeling of weakness that sounded suddenly fatigue, a general painful state;
- chills (light chills with slightly elevated temperature and strong - with high);
- dry skin and lips;
- headache, lubrication in the body;
- loss of appetite;
- sweating ("throws in sweat");
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it will not be worthwhile to deliver a thermometer
What is considered to be high temperatures?
Normal temperature is usually considered to be the temperature of 36.6 ° C. But in fact, the temperature is in a rather wide range.
During the day, the body temperature is quite fluctuating. The lowest temperature is observed in the morning, immediately after awakening; Maximum - in the evening, on the outcome of the day. The difference can be somewhere 0.5 ° C. Physical activity, stress, ordinary meal, alcohol consumption, staying in the bath or on the beach can raise the temperature. In women, temperature fluctuations are also associated with ovulation. In a few days before ovulation, the temperature decreases, and upon the occurrence of ovulation - increases.
On average, the normal temperature is considered to be the temperature from 35 ° to 37 ° C. In children under the age of 3 years, temperatures up to 37.5 ° C are also considered an option for the norm. It is important where you measure the temperature. You can focus on 36.6 ° C if you put a thermometer under the mouse. If the thermometer holds in the mouth ( Oral temperature ), then the normal temperature will be 0.5 ° C above (36.8-37.3 ° C). In order to obtain normal values when measuring the temperature in the rectum ( Rectal temperature ), I will need to add another half-grade (norm 37.3-37.7 ° C). If the temperature is measured under the temperature under the mouse, the temperature in the range is 37-38 ° C, high - above 38 ° C.
Causes anxiety or temperature rising above 38 ° C, or temperatures up to 38 ° C, which remains for a long time ( Subfebrile temperature ).
When the temperature rise is dangerous?
High body temperature is an undoubted sign that in the body there is a pathological process, as a rule, an inflammatory nature. The higher the temperature, the faster it rises or longer holds, the more seriously there may be a problem. That is why the high temperature scares.
Meanwhile, in itself, the temperature rise in most cases is a protective reaction to infection penetration. At high temperature, the activity of pathogenic microorganisms is reduced, and the protective forces of the body, on the contrary, are intensified: the exchange of substances, blood circulation is accelerated, antibodies are highlighted faster. But it increases the burden on many organs and systems: cardiovascular, respiratory. High temperature oppress the nervous system leads to dehydration. It is possible to occur circulatory disorders in the internal organs (due to an increase in viscosity and blood coagulation). Therefore, a high temperature that holds for a long time can be a danger in itself. Also dangerous is the ultra-high temperature (above 41 ° C).
Do I need to shoot down the temperature or not?
It is not worth a hurry to riveting the temperature. First of all, the patient should inspect the doctor. The recommendations of the doctor should be followed: if it advises to bring down the temperature, then you need to shoot down. The doctor makes decisions on the basis of the overall picture of the disease and evaluation of the patient's condition, that is, the recommendations are always individual.
However, if the patient is seriously tolerated the temperature, and the temperature is high (39 ° C or higher), then it can be given the antipyretic drug, strictly observing the instructions indicated on the package. At the same time it is necessary to understand that you are struggling with a symptom, not a disease.
The correct course of treatment implies the establishment of the cause of high temperature and carrying out a set of measures aimed at treating the disease that caused its increase.
Causes of high temperature
Any inflammatory process can cause temperature increase. The nature of inflammation can be different - bacterial, viral, fungal. In most cases, the temperature is the nature of the concomitant symptom: for example, when otitis - hurts ("pulls") the ear and the temperature is increased ...
The temperature draws special attention when other symptoms are not observed. Temperature against the background of standard signs of ORVI is usual, but only one high temperature scares.
Diseases in which high temperature can be observed without other symptoms :
ORVI and flu. Influenza, and in some cases other ORVIs can begin with a sudden rise of temperature. In this case, the catarrhals begin slightly later (closer to the evening or the next day);
angina. Along with the temperature, there is usually pain in the throat when swallowing. The sore throat is quite quickly intensified, so it is impossible not to notice;
Windmill (chickenpox). Typically start of the windmill - high temperature. Characteristic rashes can appear only by 2-3 days of the disease;
Abscess (accumulation of pus in surface tissues or in internal organs). With an abscess temperature "floats": Temperature peaks can be interconnected by normal temperature during the day (as opposed to a typical "ordinary" infectious disease of the temperature chart - when the lowest temperature is observed after the morning awakening, and in the evening it is growing);
Inflammations of the urogenital system (pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis) are usually manifested by high temperature and pain in the renal projection. But in some cases, pain may be absent;
appendicitis - can also leak without pain;
meningitis and encephalitis (inflammation of cerebral shells of infectious origin). In this case, the high temperature is accompanied by a strong headache, nausea, violation of vision. A characteristic symptom - the tension of the muscles of the neck (the chin is impossible to omit to the chest);
Hemorrhagic fever (usually the infection occurs when the bite of wild animals, for example, mouse-tolets). There is also its own characteristic symptoms - a decrease (up to stop) urination, the emergence of subcutaneous hemorrhages (point redness of the skin, rash), muscle pain.
Increased temperature (up to 37.5-38 ° C) without pronounced other symptoms may be observed at:
Also with increasing temperature flows the following diseases:
Inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia). Inflammation of the lungs is a common cause of high temperature. It is usually observed in breast pain, shortness of breath, cough;
Infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastroenterocolites). Here the temperature acts as a side symptom. Main complaints: abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting;
Viral hepatitis A, which is characterized by the appearance of jaundice color of the skin and eye proteins;
other viral diseases - measles, rubella, epidemic vapotitis (pig), mononucleosis, poliomyelitis, etc.;
Chronic diseases of the urinary system (chronic pyelonephritis, cystitis), in women - chronic salpingofrit. Along with a subfebrile temperature, abdominal pains and urination disorders may be observed;
sexually transmitted diseases (gonorrhea, syphilis, urogenital infections - toxoplasmosis, trichomoniasis, ureaplasmosis, etc.);
Chronic myocarditis and endocarditis. In this case, the usual symptom - pain in the field of heart;
Autoimmune diseases (rheumatism, systemic red lupus, etc.).
This, of course, is not a complete list of diseases capable of increasing temperature
High temperature in a child
The child will not say that he has a high temperature. Even already relatively large children, including students in elementary school, as a rule, cannot correctly evaluate their state of health. Therefore, parents need to carefully follow the condition of the child. To suspect the temperature rise in the following features:
- The child becomes unexpectedly sluggish or, on the contrary, restless and capricious;
- He is tormented by thirst (all the time asks to drink);
- mucous membranes become dry (lip dryness, language);
- Bright blush or, on the contrary, unusual pallor;
- eyes blush or shine;
- The child sweats;
- Pulse and breathing. The normal pulse is 100-130 beats per minute in a dream and 140-160 during wakefulness. By two years, the frequency is reduced to 100-140 beats per minute. The normal respiratory frequency also depends on the age, for a two-month-old child, it is 35-48 breaths per minute, for age from year to three 28-35 breaths.
You can measure the body temperature in the axillary or inguinal depression you can mercury thermometer (it most accurately shows the temperature), rectally - only electronic. It can be rectally measured only at a small child (up to 4-5 months), older children oppose the procedure, as it is unpleasant. For rectal temperature measurement, the thermometer tip is lubricated with children's cream, the legs of the child rise, as when it is washed. The tip of the thermometer is introduced into the rectum to a depth of 2 cm.
We should not forget that in children up to a year normal temperature is considered to be temperatures up to 37.5 ° C, and even up to 3 years, such a temperature does not always mean that the child is sick. It is impossible to measure the temperature when the child is very worried, crying, or it is strongly ukutane - the temperature in these cases will be expected above. It can also increase the body temperature or a hot bath or too high in the room.
In young children, the temperature can rise up to 38.3 ° C for reasons not related to diseases, such as:
- overheating (as a result of excessive wrapping, staying under direct sunlight or disruption of drinking mode), especially under 3 months;
- constipation (if the child is being worn, the temperature can grow);
- teething (one of the most frequent causes).
If it does not seem that the temperature is caused by one of these reasons, it holds and does not fall or, even more so, it grows, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor. At temperatures above 38 ° C, you need to consult a doctor in any case.
What to do at elevated temperature
While the temperature rises, the patient beats the chills, it is cold. I want to get dressed as much as possible, wrapped in a blanket, and it is natural. But as soon as the temperature rose, and the patient was hot, it is necessary to take care so that there was no overvel overheating: it is necessary to change clothes (or disguise the sick child) into light cotton clothing. You can cover the package.
Bed regime is recommended, but if the child, despite the temperature is active, it is not necessary to drive into the bed with a silt, although it is worth keeping excessive activity that can lift the temperature even more.
The air in the room where the patient is located, should be fresh and cool. The room must be tired, removing the patient for the time of airports to another room.
At high temperatures you need to drink more. You can drink a little, but constantly. Great fruit fruit, compotes, diluted juices, tea with lemon, green tea.
Do not take a shower or bath. It can be watched with water temperature or vinegar (9% vinegar solution are diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio). Little children wipe the vinegar is not recommended. Wasten with cold water or alcohol can lead to an increase in fever.
The antipyretic means must be taken to appoint a doctor, strictly observing the instructions.
In some cases at high temperature Show an ambulance :
- If a vomiting is observed against the background of the temperature;
- If the temperature is accompanied by the appearance of rash;
- in febrile cramps and other difficult conditions;
- If at temperatures above 38.5 ° C, headache, inhibition, drowsiness are observed;
- If the temperature continues to rise or does not fall, despite the accepted antipyretic drugs;
- At temperatures above 39.5 ° C.
The main indicator of human health is the temperature of his body. It is whether it reflects the relation between the warm generated by various organs and tissues, and the heat exchange taking place between the body and its surrounding medium. The body temperature acts as a biological marker showing the current state of the body.
Thermoregulation in the body
For the normal life of a person, the heat exchange is permanently produced. It depends on the characteristics of the body and on the presence of various reflex stimuli, the changes may affect even if the ambient temperature remains unchanged.
Disruption of thermoregulation
First of all, such violations may occur as a result of the impact of external or internal factors. For example, the inner includes various types of diseases.
The main symptoms can be considered:
the emergence of chills;
chills, as a result of hyperkinosis - when involuntary muscle contractions occur;
As a result of hypothermia - the consequences of the administration of the body;
As a result of hyperthermia - in the event of overheating the body.
The main causes of violation of thermoregulation are:
Congenital or obtained defect of the hypothalamus. It can negatively affect the work of many internal organs, including at the very temperature of the body;
Change climate. This external factor is able to affect the body temperature, as a result of the adaptation of the body;
abuse of alcoholic beverages;
a consequence of aging processes;
Various mental disorders.
Increased body temperature
One of the serious signs of pathology in the body is to increase body temperature. If the norm is considered to be the numbers in the range between 36.5 - 36.9 s, then its rise is the body signal that infection or the virus penetrated it and the inflammation began. This symptom doctors recommend to consider as:
The ability of your immunity to start fighting various stimuli;
On the beginning of various violations of the normal operation of the internal organs, as well as body tissues.
It is for this reason that it is worth considering various factors and the causes of fluctuations in body temperature.
Causes of elevated body temperature
If you have risen the temperature, then you should not panic and start swallowing tablets or call the doctor. It is worthwhile that the individual causes of elevated temperatures are not dangerous for humans. Consider what to pay attention to.
Non-dangerous reasons worth named symptoms that will be held independently include:
If the temperature rise occurred in the evening. Very often at this time it can rise by 0.5-1 degrees above the norm;
As a result of emotional or physical exertion. They will enhance blood circulation, and with it and the heat exchange is enhanced;
During ovulation in women. Often before the start of the menstrual cycle, hormonal bursts are possible, and at the same time the body temperature rises;
As a result of thermal loads. The presence of body temperature is 37 and higher, can manifest itself as a result of receiving hot food, visits to the bath or sauna, bathing, after tanning.
And now it is worth talking about pathological reasons that may cause dangerous diseases:
development of acute or chronic infections;
a variety of viral diseases, among whom influenza or ORVI enters;
all cases of inflammatory processes or edema;
with the disease of the respiratory system;
If there is a disorder of the thyroid gland;
during the injury of joints and muscles;
During the course of the disease, which is transmitted by sexually.
Symptoms of elevated body temperature
It is worth saying that a substantial increase in temperature will be felt by the person himself. The main symptoms include:
feeling of fatigue and weakness;
The chills appears. And the bigger the heat will be - the strongest will be chills;
the appearance of headaches;
The appearance of lobs in the body. Most often suffer joints, muscles and fingers;
man begins to feel cold;
There is burning and dry eye;
In the mouth there is dryness;
may decrease or in the abyss of appetite;
The increase in the pulse, arrhythmia may appear;
Increased sweating or vice versa, dry skin.
How and when to shoot down a high temperature in an adult
Of particular concern should be the body temperature over 38.5C. Nevertheless, doctors recommend starting to shoot down the temperature with medicines when it reaches a mark of 38C.
But it is necessary to navigate, first of all, for general well-being. If the high temperature is poorly tolerated, felt unbearable lubricants, chills, confusion, physical discomfort, vomiting, dizziness, then churn the temperature should be immediately.
But it also happens that even the high temperature flows with barely noticeable discomfort, then it is worth navigating the thermometer mark and in the case when it has passed the antipyretic agent for 38.5.
During elevated temperature and throughout the period of the disease, it is important to use as much liquid as possible. Through the excretory system, it contributes to the early removal of bacteria and viruses and the products of their livelihoods - toxns. As a result - you will quickly recover from high temperature.
If there is a need to shoot down the temperature, it is worth connecting the antipyretic drugs. It is better to give preference to one-component means. Adults are advised to take agents based on paracetamol or ibuprofen. Use multicomponent drugs where paracetamol or ibuprofen is only part of the composition, follows in extreme cases. And even more so, exclude the joint acceptance of those and others.
What can not be done at high temperature
At high temperature should be reacting without panic, but with special care. It is not recommended to knock it down in the first minutes after the increase, you need to give the body yourself to cope with the temperature. At this time, there is a mobilization of the body's protective forces and the pathogens of various diseases are dying. But reducing the temperature, you should not strive for 36.6. In the first days of the disease, this is unlikely to achieve.
It is not recommended for wiping, especially acetic solutions or alcohol. However, this practice still exists at home.
If the patient with a high temperature pale and he is cold to the touch limb (the so-called - white hyperthermia), then any wipes are contraindicated and in addition to antipyretic drugs, antispasmodic is recommended. The fact is that the cold limbs are caused by the vessels of the vessels. And in this case, cold wipes with vinegar or alcohol-containing fluids can only worsen the situation with the vessels.
Washes by vinegar are not shown to adults and children with respiratory manifestations of disease or chronic pathologies of respiratory organs. Evaporations may worsen the condition of the patient and affect the respiratory process. Also, the intolerance to vinegar or alcohol, as well as the presence of damage and irriters of the skin - are contraindications to wipes.
At high temperatures, it is not recommended to eat saturated, fatty dishes and sugar. An increase in glucose level in the body reduces the number of leukocytes that are responsible for the destruction of infected cells. What can harm the process of combating bacteria and viruses. And the fatty food creates an additional load on digestion and the body gives part of the forces to this process, instead of fighting the enemy.
Speaking about the use of fluid at temperatures, it should be noted that hot drink is strictly contraindicated! Especially coffee. Caffeine causes dehydration. And hot drink heats the body even stronger. Only warm frills and herbal teas.
Reduced body temperature
Like a high temperature, low also indicates problems. Especially if it holds for a long time. This leads to rapid fatigue, loss of mood, body weakness, etc.
Causes of reduced body temperature
A decrease in temperature is observed:
with low hemoglobin;
in case of internal bleeding;
If there are problems with vessels;
under the pathology of the adrenal glands;
during brain tumors;
with asthenic syndrome;
during skin damage;
As a result of seasonal ARVI;
in the case of intoxication;
as a result of supercooling;
Symptoms of reduced body temperature
Among the symptoms should be called:
How to raise the temperature to the norm in the adult
Since the reduced temperature is considered, starting with 35.8 s, it is necessary to relax and sleep well. Can help full nutrition. If it does not help, you should consult a doctor.
Temperature for aczes: when you need to shoot down the heat and how it can be done
High temperature is probably the most unpleasant of all manifestations of colds. If with the rest of the symptoms it turns out to live more or less actively, then the fever makes us lying in bed, depriving the possibilities to do something. Weakness and malaise caused by heavy heat are transferred, as a rule, harder than any other signs of colds. When you need to reduce the temperature and how it can be done, we will tell in our article.
When it is necessary to shoot down the temperature, and when not
The temperature at a cold rises not just like that. The heat is a complex neuroendocrine response of the organism to penetrate microbes. The temperature rise occurs due to the fact that the equilibrium in our thermostat system is temporarily shifted. In the brain there is a certain conditional "biological thermostat", which establishes and controls the stable body temperature. When infection falls into the body, the immune system produces special substances. Under their exposure, the thermoregulation point shifts up. Normal temperature begins to be perceived as low, and the body tries to increase it, increasing heat production and reducing its return
Thus, the system of immunity is involved in the temperature raising mechanism. And it is no coincidence: fever performs a protective function. In the conditions of elevated temperature, an immune response is enhanced, the body is more effectively fighting with microbes. In addition, the ability of some harmful microbes to reproduction is reduced.
For your information High temperature is destructive for many bacteria. But for viruses - causative agents of colds - it acts weakly. The reason is that these microorganisms live and multiply inside the cell. To kill the virus, you need to destroy the host cell itself.
The temperature of 37 ° C with a cold is cold does not require: it is not hazardous and, as a rule, is easily transferred. Taking the antipyretic in such a situation, we interfere with immunity and contribute to tightening the recovery process.
But too high temperatures are harmful. When the thermometer column values are approaching to 40 ° C, the metabolism is accelerated, the oxygen consumption increases, the fluid loss increases, the load on the cardiovascular, respiratory and nervous system, liver and kidneys occurs. This condition is especially dangerous for people with chronic diseases. Temperature above 41 ° C carries a threat to life: it can cause irreversible damage to the brain and other organs. Fortunately, the usual cold is extremely rarely accompanied by such strong heat.
So, at high temperatures, the use of antipyretic means is not just justified, but also necessary, because fever in such cases ceases to perform a protective function, becomes a source of suffering for the patient and harms health. When should take measures?
The reaction to an increase in the temperature is individual: some normally feel at 39 ° C, the other is bad at 38 ° C. Most doctors advise to resort to the help of antipyretic when the thermometer readings reach the mark of 38.5 ° C. But we repeat, it all depends on the subjective sensations. If the cold with a temperature of 38.5 ° C and above is transferred easily, to shoot down the heat is not necessary. Conversely, in case of poor well-being, we assume the reception of the antipyretic and at lower values.
How much is the temperature when cold? According to therapists, "normal" duration of fever on the background of ARVI - three to four days [one] . After that, the temperature should gradually decrease. If it continues to be high, it can talk about the attachment of a bacterial infection. It is possible to defeat it only with antibiotics - the feasibility of their purpose determines the therapist. Immediately call the doctor and in the event that the temperature is not shot down by the antipyretic.
What to do when high temperature
The main measure against high temperature is the reception of antipyretic drugs. They act quickly, and the effect continues for several hours. At today optimal in the ratio of efficiency and safety, the antipyretic substances are recognized as paracetamol and ibuprofen  . Both of these means are oppressed by the COF - the substance necessary for the synthesis of prostaglandins. They are formed under the influence of pyrogen and affect the center of thermoregulation. But the mechanism of operation of drugs differs.
Paracetamol acts in the central nervous system, having antipyretic and pain relief effects. Ibuprofen has an anti-inflammatory effect, because it works not only in the nervous system, but also in the zone of inflammation. However, this means, like other NSAIDs, there are serious side effects, in particular the lesion of the gastrointestinal tract.
For your information Not so long ago, two popular medicines are widely used to facilitate heat and pain - Aspirin and Analgin. Now they are practically not applied due to severe side effects that can cause. Thus, sodium metamizol, known as analgin, is able to provoke a deadly hazardous complication of agranulocytosis. In many countries, it is derived from turnover for this reason.  . Salicylates (aspirin) and other NSAIDs adversely act on the gastrointestinal mucosa, so their use is not justified as antipyretic [four] .
So, recognized by doctors and the most secure way to reduce the temperature at ARZ in adults - to adopt the antipyretic based on paracetamol. You can use monopreparations that contain only one active ingredient. Such medicines are very inexpensive, but in this, perhaps, their only advantage over the combined means. The latter, in addition to paracetamol, includes other active ingredients. Due to this, the combined drugs have not only an antipyretic effect, but also contribute to the elimination of headaches, nasal congestion and other symptoms.
Complex funds from ARVI most often contain the following additional components:
Vasoconducting . They help to fight the symptoms of rhinitis: eliminate the swelling of the nasal mucosa, reduce the selection and reduce the nasal breathing. The common substance from this group, including combined drugs from the cold, is phenylephrine.
Antihistamine (Phoeniramin, Loratadine and others). These components are struggling with manifestations of allergies, remove itching, swelling, reduce tearing and discharge from the nose. With a cold, accompanied by a strong runny nose and chichany, the use of complex drugs with an antihistamine component can significantly facilitate the state.
Caffeine . Easy stimulant helps to cope with the typical asthenia symptoms: weakness, drowsiness, fatigue. In addition, caffeine enhances the antipyretic and painful effects of paracetamol.
Combined tools are available in various forms. The most common powders for cooking hot drink and pills.
Despite the abundance of antipyretic funds, many still try to fight feverish people. The temperature at a cold in an adult rarely causes serious concerns, and most people prefer to be treated at home on their own, believing that the so-called grandmother's recipes are safer drugs. However, it is not. Some traditional funds are not only useless, but also harmful. So, after we told that drinking with a cold with a temperature, it is worth talking about what it is impossible to do.
Wort away . Wear woolen socks and hide a warm blanket to go sweat, - a familiar way of "treatment" of a cold, isn't it? Alas, it does not work, but on the contrary, only aggravates poor well-being. Reducing heat transfer, a person increases the load on the cardiovascular system and risks overheating.
Cooling . Another dangerous extreme is a cold shower. Such a method can really help reduce the temperature, but only for a while - after a short time it will increase even more. In addition, hypothermia will oppress the immune system, the already weakened struggle with infection.
Alcohol wipes . This popular method of rapid temperature decrease is dangerous. Alcohol through the skin penetrates the systemic blood flow. The antipyretic effect of this method briefly.
In fairness, we will not categorically mention folk remedies - some of them are quite workers. For example, abundant drink helps to fill the loss of moisture and prevent dehydration. Preference should be given to such drinks such as a decoction of rosehip, cranberry or brushing juice, compote from dried fruit: They will provide the body with vitamins that are so lacking during the disease. And infusions and teas from medicinal herbs - chamomiles, linden, sage - will have an extra anti-inflammatory effect.
Modern antipyretic drugs with proven efficacy are helping to reduce the temperature quickly and for a long time. With a cold, doctors tend to recommend combined means that are struggling with several manifestations of the disease at the same time. Complex preparations are eliminated by the patient from the need to take many different drugs, which is convenient and cost-effective.
*** The material is not a public offer. The price is given to familiarize and relevant for December 2020.
All information related to health and medicine is presented solely for informational purposes and is not a reason for self-diagnosis or self-treatment.
ПDevelopment of body temperature (or, in medical language, hyperthermia), this is a normal physiological response to the invasion of the infectious agent.
However, the immune response is not always initiated by pathogenic agents, in some cases thereby respond to other exogenous and endogenous factors.
The danger of such a state is the possibility of developing severe complications. Increased body temperature within 38.1-39 degrees in medical practice is referred to as a febrilythe.
Not always such hyperthermia requires treatment. What you need to know about increasing body temperature up to 38.5?
When is the urgent help of the doctor?
In any case, when the temperature rises, you must contact the doctor. Urgent medical care is required in several situations:
- Temperature of the body is not knocked down by subright.
- Temperature continues to grow.
- Searches are observed.
- There are breathing problems.
- The temperature rises to the level of 39-40 degrees.
- The rigidity of the muscles of the neck began.
In all other cases it is possible to self-help (but not self-medication, it is a big difference).
First aid of the patient
First aid is required only when the level of hyperthermia exceeds 38 degrees. The temperature below is not necessary (usually).
- It is required to provide the inflow of fresh air into the room.
- The patient needs to give abundant warm drinks (frost, compotes, teas, clean water without gases).
- Give a patient the drug of the antipyretic. Ibuprofen, nurofen and others. Take them need with caution and only before the doctor's consultation, not longer.
With the thermometer values over 39, the most reasonable will be the challenge of ambulance.
Only these means can be treated. No appointments of the doctor, therapy should be limited to the reception of the antipsychotics for a term before the consultation of the doctor.
If the temperature is 38.5 in an adult what to do with the patient? Therapy will be drug, and aims to eliminate the root cause of the disease.
Hyperthermia relief is symptomatic treatment. But only you can resort on it.
- Anti-inflammatory non-steroidal origins and antipyretic drugs (ibuprofen, ketorol, nourofen, hors, etc.). Used in the form of tablets.
- Anesthetics (analgesics). This includes: Analgin, Tempalgin, Baratgin.
People's methods of therapy
All folk remedies should be used with great care. The development of allergic reactions is possible.
When is the temperature 38-38.2 in an adult what to do the patient at home? Folk recipes can be a good help in the therapy, but no more.
It is impossible to use these funds as the main treatment method. A good effect should be expected only by combining them with medicines.
The most effective are the following recipes:
- Strong tea. A classic recipe that allows you to remove the temperature. For cooking brewing a teaspoon of welding 2/3 glasses of water. Insist for 15 minutes. Sugar does not add. Drink small sips.
- Take two medium potatoes. Grate them on a large grater along with the skin. Mix with a tablespoon of vinegar. Share a mixture on gauze or other fabric. Apply appliques on the forehead. Compress hold two hours, then change.
- Take the midday bulb, an apple and a tablespoon of honey. Obtain a vegetable and fruit to the state of the kashitz. Mix ingredients. Take on a tablespoon three times a day.
- Eat citrus fruit: two oranges, whole grapefruit or three lemon slices.
- Mix apple juice, lemon with a tablespoon of honey. Fruits must be integer. Now it is necessary to drink the specified mixture into three receptions.
- Take vodka, cold water. Mix in proportions 1: 1, tool to apply for wipes. Do not use to knock down the temperature to children!
- Tea with mint and ginger.
- Decoration of black currant leaves.
- Chamomile tea.
- Raspberry jam. A simple and pleasant way of treatment. Consume with strong unsweequish tea.
Probable causes of febrile hyperthermia
The reasons for the increase in body temperature are always pathological. It is not recommended to diagnose yourself.
Although the manifestations of various diseases are sufficiently specific, high risk is mistaken. It should be briefly considered typical causes and symptoms of possible pathologies:
It is inflammation of the skyminds and a soft sky. The causative agent is a golden staphylococcus, for which the mucous membranes perform an excellent nutrient medium.
The almonds are designed to protect the upper respiratory tract from infectious agents, because when attacking the pathogeful flora suffer from the first.
An angina is considered a private form of tonsillitis, which proceeds with a significant increase in temperature in adults to 37.5-38.5 degrees (febrile).
The disease develops as acute pathology. It is characterized by intense pain in the throat of zhugochi, a surge nature.
In addition to painful syndrome, they note: the formation of purulent plugs (yellowish lumps with a sharp, putrid smell), problems with breathing due to the swelling of the upper respiratory tract, white flare on the soft sky, etc.
Sometimes the disease can be accompanied by pains without hyperthermia.
According to statistics, approximately 75% of people at least once in their lives were hurt by this ailment and do not suspect.
Another disease of the upper respiratory tract. Under pharyngitis in medical practice it is understood as the inflammation of the sky mucous membrane, followed by the lesion of the underlying anatomical structures.
In the main pharyngitis, persons employed by professional activities are affected by the effects of high temperatures, smokers.
There is a disease with subfebrile and febrile (38.1-38.9) the thermometer values. For him, a typical feeling of dryness and burning throat, difficulty with breathing, voice problems (it may disappear at all or be hoarse).
With complicated form of pharyngitis, pains in the ears, the nasopharynk, active mucus generation are noted.
- Laryngitis . Inflammation of the larynx. Among the Lor pathologies, this is considered the most painful for the patient, since it causes a long, "scoring" cough, which does not weaken in the afternoon or at night.
- Tracheitis . Inflammation of the trachea. Characterized temperature 38.4-38.9 degrees. Dangerous pathology.
- Bronchitis . Inflammation of bronchi.
Inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia)
The deadly disease, often accompanied by a temperature of 38.2-38.5 in an adult, and in some cases up to 40 degrees.
Pathology leads to a violation of gas exchange, therefore it is not so dangerous as hyperthermia, as accompanying symptoms.
For her, pathognomic is a number of symptoms:
- Pains for the sternum when trying to breathe or exhale,
- problems with breathing (the inability to make a full breath due to swelling),
- Allocation of a large number of viscous yellowish sputum.
Influencing lesion is always characterized by high thermometer values. Typical temperature 38.6-38.8 degrees, lubrication in the bones (especially legs), pain in the eyes. Nausea can be marked, vomiting.
Other infectious diseases
This includes otitis, sinusitis, etc. For any serious infectious disease, hyperthermia is characterized, and we can talk not only about the febrile temperature, but also about the values of 39.9 or more.
It can be fatally dangerous: with an excessive increase in the thermometer values, the blood calves begin to turn around, the fatal outcome occurs .
Developed forms of cancer
Characterized by common and focal symptoms. The total is hyperthermia, headache, weakness, driers.
In some cases, nausea is noted, vomiting. Focal manifestations depend on the localization of the neoplastic process.
Thus, the gastric cancer is manifested by dyspepsic phenomena, a lung cancer with a violation of gas exchange, etc.
As a result of the excessive proliferative activity of malignant cells, their death occurs: atypical anatomical structures simply lack nutrition.
At 3-4 stages of the disease, mass metastasis with the formation of secondary foci is observed.
The dying cells begin to decay, poisoning the body to toxins. Irritation of special centers of the brain leads to an increase in body temperature, since the body takes toxins for the result of the life of bacterial microflora.
Usually you have to talk about relatively small values of the thermometer. Temperature 38.4 -38.5 keeps constantly and does not stop typical antipyretic.
Combined with the general name of the hypothalamic syndrome. The essence of the pathological process is to destroy the nuclei of the specified brain structure (it is known that it is the hypotalamus in response for normal thermoregulation).
Destruction may be due to tumors (clay origin: astrocytomes, oligodendroglyomas, ependimons), organ compression as a result of increased pressure of liquor, etc. Pathognomonic headaches, body temperature 38.3-38.7, impaired psyche and behavior.
In adulthood, childhood diseases are carried out especially hard (chickenpox, cort and others).
The reason for their occurrence in adults is the solar infectious focus.
Sometimes it is impossible to identify the source of the defeat at first glance.
In this case, it is necessary to look for the cause in the infectious focus (carious teeth, chronic nasophary diseases, etc.).
The thyroid gland is a kind of heating boiler of the body. If you pose an analogy at a certain point in time, the heating boiler may begin to work too intensively.
In this case, the body temperature grows up to 38.5 degrees. For the disease, a change in the structure of the neck, the protrusion of eyeballs (exophthalm), the thermoregulation disorders is characterized.
The arthritis of rheumatoid character is an autoimmune-inflammatory disease in which the destruction of the articular and muscle structures occurs.
Faces of young, working age are most defeated. In this case, there is a temperature of 38.4 - 38.8 degrees.
Main features: The pain in the area of the affected joint (the pain intense, intensifies in the night and morning period, weakens to noon), the feeling of squeezing the limb (tight glove or sock), disorders of the motor activity of the musculoskeletal structure exposed to the pathogenic process.
Diseases are not bacterial origin
- Constitutional hyperthermia. Related to violations of processes in the vegetative nervous system. It is found in young girls of subtitle physique during the stress, emotional tension.
- Hormonal imbalance. First of all, in the pitipofunction of the ovaries in women.
- Pickup diseases. Endocrine manifestations are leading. Among them: hyperprolactinemia, hypogonadism, etc.
- Fever unclear genes. Not a disease, but a kind of question mark. This includes all pathology that remain unbearable until some time.
- Malignant neuroleptic syndrome. It occurs with long-term admission of neuroleptics (antipsychotics) in high doses. Symptoms are dyskinesia (impairment of motor activity and muscle tone), lethargy, drowsiness, weakness.
- Febrile schizophrenia. This is a casuistic, because in practice it is difficult to distinguish this form of a mental illness from malignant neuroleptic syndrome. An extremely rare option of psychopathology. It accounts for no more than 1 case by 20,000 patients.
In women, the temperature increases may be due to the beginning of the menstrual cycle. This is a normal phenomenon.
The reasons for the possible rise in temperature to the level of 38-38.9 degrees there are many. Only a doctor may understand the sources of the problem after an objective examination. Diagnostics - the prerogative of the attending specialist.
Diagnostics are engaged only doctors. Since the initial causes of hyperthermia there is a lot, we are talking about an interdisciplinary problem.
Specialists of several ways are involved in solving it: therapists, endocrinologists, infectious results, otolaryngologists, rheumatologists.
The first one to which you need to contact the therapist. It will help to determine the further tactics of diagnosis and treatment.
The survey begins with a patient's survey for complaints, as well as from the collection of anamnesis.
It is necessary that the doctor can make a primary picture of pathology and decide on further diagnostic tactics.
In the future, there is a queue of a number of instrumental and laboratory research. Among them:
- Radiography of the breasts. Need to carry out a survey study of the lungs. Allows you to identify pneumonia, neoplastic processes, etc.
- Electroencephalogram. Makes it possible to determine the activity of the brain. In some cases, it allows you to suspect malignant neoplasms of cerebral tissue, febrile schizophrenia.
- MRI / KT. Diagnosis of the region affected by the pathological process. Appointed only by testimony. It is considered the most informative method of diagnosis, because it gives the opportunity to consider the studied area in detail. In view of its high cost - is not allowed for residents of the CIS countries.
- Endoscopic examination of the throat and nasopharynx. Without laryngoscopy and other similar surveys it is impossible to reveal Larygitis, tracheitis, angina.
In some cases, we will need a number of specific studies:
- Arthroscopy of the joints.
- X-ray joints.
- Ultrasound examination of the abdominal organs.
- General blood analysis.
- General urine analysis.
- Blood biochemistry.
In a complex of research data, it is enough to form an accurate diagnosis. Increased causes of temperature increases, there is a lot.
In most cases, you only need to act if the value of the body thermometer exceeds 38 degrees, but if the initial reason lies in disorders of the endocrine or nervous systems, it is necessary to remove the hyperthermia. This will help the doctor. Self-treatment is categorically unacceptable.
Why it is impossible to shoot down the temperature - Ogukov A.T.
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High temperature (hyperthermia) in humans is a violation of body thermoregulation. Increased temperature, they consider the mark on the thermometer 37 or more. The causes of hyperthermia are diverse, but the rules for first aid are the same.
Find out how to bring down the temperature at home, and when it is necessary. We will also tell me that it is impossible to do not provoke complications.
Causes of temperature in children and adults without symptoms
If the temperature appeared without other symptoms - this means that the body struggles with pathogenic microorganisms (viruses, bacteria) or annoying external factors (cold, heat).
Heads of the infectious branch of GBUZ Orenburg region Popova I.Yu:
"Many patients ask me: it is normal or not if the temperature rises to 37 degrees constantly. This is permissible only for children up to 3 years. They have the process of thermoregulation are not developed, like adults. If the room is too hot, or the child is under stress, then it often observes a subfebrile temperature to 37.3. It is not necessary to knock it down: the indicators are normalized by themselves after the child is in comutrocal conditions. A frequent or permanent temperature of 37 without symptoms in adults is a serious reason to consult a doctor. Hypertermia can be the first sign of dangerous diseases: oncology, HIV infections, autoimmune violations. "
Causes: Why the temperature rises to 37 degrees
If, with increasing temperature indicators, runny nose, tear and throat pain appeared, then these are clear signs of a cold. But sometimes hyperthermia is not accompanied by additional clinical manifestations. This happens in the following cases:
If there is a sluggish infection in the body;
when immunity weakens;
with excessive physical and moral loads;
If there are impairment of the nervous system;
When there was infected with venereal diseases (gonorrhea, syphilis or HIV).
In women, the temperature of 37 without signs of a cold - a symptom of pregnancy. Increased indicators on the thermometer can be observed during the entire period of nursing the child and it is not pathology.
Why temperature 38 without symptoms
A frequent cause of a sharp increase in temperature to 38 degrees - flu. The patient within 3 days notes only hyperthermia, and on 3-4 days the characteristic symptoms of colds are joined: tear, dry or wet cough, runny nose.
If the mark on the thermometer 38 holds more than 3 days, does not fall and is not complemented by other signs, this may indicate development:
Why high temperature rises: 39 - 41 degrees
High temperature more often occurs as a result of a rapid reaction of the immune system to the stimulus: a virus, bacterium or an allergen. Temperature of the body up to 39 ° C is elevated, and from 39 ° C - high . If the hyperthermia has been observed for a long time (more than 1 week), then this is a sign that in the body a hidden inflammatory process. You need to contact a doctor immediately: the condition may entail serious health problems (up to disability and death).
Diseases accompanied by an increase in temperature indicators to 39 or more
To identify the reason for the high temperature constant for only doctors. Diagnostics includes laboratory blood tests and urine, as well as a number of instrumental research: ECG, abdominal ultrasound and kidney.
What temperature is considered high and when it needs to be shot down
All kinds of fever are divided into 3 groups:
Subfebrile - body temperature ranges from 37 to 38 degrees.
Febrile - indicators on a thermometer from 38 to 39 degrees.
Hectic - Increase the thermometer mark up to 40 and above degrees.
36.6 - what temperature in the normal temperature should be in the child and adult. But depending on the individual characteristics of the body, deviations are possible in a large or smaller side by 0.3-0.4 degrees. Individual indicators depend on the floor, the age of the patient and the time of measurement. For example, men have a body temperature by an average of 0.1-0.2 degrees higher than that of women. Measurements in the morning may differ from the evening 0.2-0.3 degrees, which is considered the norm .
Doctors give clear data when you need to shoot down the temperature. For children, this indicator is 38 degrees, for adults 38.4 degrees and higher. If the mark on the thermometer is lower, then it is impossible to take antipyretic: the body will cease to produce biologically active substances that destroy pathogenic particles (viruses and bacteria).
Therapist Anastasia Lukashik
"The tall temperature is considered to be the above 39 degrees. With such indicators, be sure to drink the antipyretic - they will reduce the load on the heart and warn convulsive syndrome. "
How to bring down a high temperature at home - 3 important advice from doctors
According to the recommendations of WHO, it is necessary to knock down the elevated temperature from 38.4 degrees in adults and 38 in children. Algorithm how to knock down a high temperature:
Take the antipyretic agents (paracetamol, efferelgan) . In practice, preparations with several active ingredients in composition, for example, Ibuklin proved its effectiveness. It is scientifically established that funds with several active substances give a longer antipyretic effect and need to drink them in smaller quantities.
Drink a lot of liquid . With urine and then pathogenic microorganisms come out of the patient's body. It is better to drink water or unsweetened tea, compotes. Do not consume juices and carbonated drinks with lots of sugar.
Raster patient. An important rule, how to rub a child and an adult at temperatures - use only water. Vinegar and alcohol evaporate too quickly from the skin surface and can provoke seizures. It is dangerous to rub the alcohol of children, because it has the property to be absorbed through the skin and flow into the blood (in small quantity).
At high temperature, it is important to observe the bed mode and regularly ventilate the room where the patient is contained. 2 times a day in the room make wet cleaning.
If the high temperature is kept more than 3-4 days, then you need to urgently turn to the therapist or pediatrician, and not engage in self-medication. There is a chance that the fever appears due to the complications of the underlying disease.
Main errors when trying to bring down the temperature:
Hug a blanket . At high temperature of the patient, Znobit and he asks to bring him blanket and warm things. But it is forbidden to warm in this way, as this can provoke a deterioration in the human condition. Right - put on sick clothes from a breathable fabric or cover it with a thin sheet.
Drink antibiotics . A suitable drug must choose a doctor after analyzing results. The incorrectly chosen antibiotic adversely affects the work of the immune system and does not give effect in the fight against viral infection.
Overeat . The body gives all the forces on the fight against the disease, therefore it is not necessary to excessively load the digestive system.
Take a shower or bath . Consistent temperature differences provoke convulsions. At high temperatures, it is more correct to take foot baths or be wrapped in water.
Squabble in the room . At the time of ventilating the room, the patient should get out of the room.
The rules for the first aid for hyperthermia are the same for adults, and for children. If you cannot bring down the temperature at home, it is necessary to call to the ambulance.
What is dangerous high temperature?
At high temperatures, toxins accumulate in the body, the load on all internal organs increases. Also accelerates metabolism and frequency of heart muscles: as a result, a cardiovascular system may suffer, a heart attack. Against the background of hyperthermia, dehydration of the body is often observed, the exhaustion of the energy resource and the dysfunction of the nervous system, which ultimately leads to convulsions and partial paralysis of the muscles.
The risk of mortality from hyperthermia is especially high in the following groups of patients:
High temperature is one of the symptoms of hazardous diseases associated with the reaction of the immune system to the pathogenic stimulus. Retake the temperature - does not mean to cope with the disease. If the temperature rises regularly and is observed for more than 3 days, then you need to see the doctor to identify the cause of bad well-being and eliminate it. This approach to the treatment of illness will avoid numerous health problems in the future.
List of reference sources:
Yu.I. Koshuga, V.A. Lyalyaev, O.N. Shevantaeva. Fever and hyperthermia. 2009.
Nodov A.A. Fever of unclear genes: educational and methodological manual for students of therapeutic faculty / A.A. Nostov, N.S. Asphandia, E.I. Molding; GBOU VPO Ryazmma of the Ministry of Health of Russia. - Ryazan: Rio Ryazgmu, 2015.-137 p.
Causes of the temperature of 38.2 ° C Is the temperature dangerous 38.2 ° C? Is it possible to shoot down a temperature of 38.2 ° С and what? Temperature 38.2 ° C in a child Why can there be a temperature of 38.2 ° C without symptoms? What if the temperature does not pass for a long time? RINZA® AND RINZASIP® with vitamin C at a temperature of 38.2 ° C
When a medical thermometer bar, passing through a red warning mark, reaches 38.2 ° C, many try to cope with the problem with the help of antipyretic agents. However, before starting to treat the patient with a temperature of 38.2 ° C, it is necessary to find out what caused a failure and is it really necessary for medication.
Causes of the temperature of 38.2 ° C
The temperature of 38.2 ° C, relating to the discharge of febrile, or moderately elevated, is a consequence of the activation of the immune system in response to the adverse effects of external or internal factors. 1. Manages this process of the hypothalamus (the intermediate brain department in which the so-called biological thermostat is located) 1,2,4 . There are many reasons for increasing body temperature to febrile values. 1,2,3 . The categories of the most common of them include the following:
Diseases caused by infectious agents
The most common cause of the body temperature is 38.2 ° C are sharp respiratory infections (ARVI, flu, adenovirus, rinovirus and other), as well as the diseases of the ENT organs and the respiratory tract caused by pathogenic bacteria (angina, otitis, sinusitis, bronchitis, Pneumonia, etc.). In addition, the temperature of 38.2 ° C in children and adults may be observed in the development of diseases associated with herpes virus infection. The cause of the violation of the thermoregulation of the body becomes the pathogenic fungi and the simplest. Infectious agents, penetrating into the human body, isolated toxins, stimulating the function of the immune system and causing an increase in body temperature to 38.2 ° C and other symptoms of intoxication 1,2,4 .
Inflammatory processes in soft tissues, bones and joints caused by global microorganisms are almost always accompanied by a feverish state. This rather extensive group of diseases of various localization includes abscesses, furuncules, purulent-inflammatory diseases of internal organs, postoperative complications and other 3,4. .
The reason for the temperature of 38.2 ° C in an adult or a child sometimes becomes a violation due to the production of an immune system of antibodies, which are directed against their own tissues of the body. Diseases of this group include rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune hepatitis, chronic thyroid inflammation and other 2,3. .
Allergic agents of protein and non-green nature
Many well-known allergens science (including drugs), in addition to typical signs of allergic reactions, can cause the development of a feverish state with a temperature of 38.2 ° C or even higher 1.
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Is the temperature dangerous 38.2 ° C?
In most cases, the increase in temperature indicators to febrile marks does not represent health threats. Thus, the body opposes the destructive action of infectious agents 1,4. . It blocks their full reproduction and livelihoods, as well as in response to the production of toxins, there is a substance that accelerates the synthesis struggling with the "strangers" of T-lymphocytes 4.
At the same time, if the temperature of 38.2 ° C holds within a few days without symptoms or there are signs of weakening the immune system, such a state should be considered as a very serious, requiring the speedy treatment for medical care 3.
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Is it possible to shoot down a temperature of 38.2 ° С and what?
So what to do if the temperature increased to 38.2 ° C? The answer to this question depends on the set of factors:
- age patient
- Patient reactions for fever
- availability of additional symptoms
- immunity states
- Presence of neurological diseases, etc. 2,3,4
Most experts insist: in the first 4-5 days from the beginning of the temperature rise, one should not interfere with the body to deal with the infection naturally 4.
However, in some cases, hyperthermia should be struggling:
- If the patient is seriously tolerated by feverish state;
- When receiving a large amount of fluid, a strengthened sweating is not observed, the skin remains dry and hot;
- There is a risk of thrombosis or convulsive seizures 2,4. .
What to do and how to bring down the temperature of 38.2 ° С? First of all, an adult, and the child is required to be plentiful warm, vitaminized drink (not very sweet broth of rosehip, cranberry or brushing juice, tea with raspberry, lime, chamomile decoction, etc.) 4. Also well helped short-term air baths and wipes with warm water (30-31 ° C) 2,4. . As for the vinegar or alcohol, their use, especially in childhood, is inappropriate. The reason for this is a sharp irritating smell, which can provoke a spasm of respiratory tract, as well as the high penetrating ability of these substances, leading to the exacerbation of intoxication.
Medicinal methods of cooling of the body at a temperature of 38.2 ° C, experts recommend apply only after the doctor's consultation. In this situation, the drug selection is often paracetamol and the means of which it is included as an active ingredient 1,4. . They should be applied in a complex with the above physical methods.
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Temperature 38.2 ° C in a child
In children who have reached 6 years of age, the temperature increase to 38.2 ° C, as a rule, has an obvious cause. Most often this is a viral or bacterial infection 1,4. . Fever is often accompanied by weakness, chills, headache and other symptoms of general intoxication of the body.
To facilitate the state of the child, it is necessary to provide bed or semi-noar regime, give 1 time per hour on a glass of warm liquid and, if necessary, to do wet wipes (using clean warm water) 1,2,4 . The clothes should be cotton, well absorbing moisture. As it is moisturized, it should be changed. If the temperature of 38.2 ° C is accompanied by cough, abdominal pain and other disturbing symptoms, the child must inspect the pediatrician who will help establish the correct diagnosis and appoint adequate treatment. 1.
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Why can there be a temperature of 38.2 ° C without symptoms?
A long-term increase in temperature up to 38.2 ° C without signs of colds and other pathological manifestations can be associated with such states as:
- Overheating of the body, thermal blow;
- internal purulent abscess;
- inflammatory diseases of the kidneys;
- endocrine pathology;
- blood disease;
- hypotalamic syndrome and not only 2,3. .
Due to the large variety of pathologies, accompanied by an asymptomatic increase in temperature, a long-standing no falling temperature requires a mandatory appeal to the doctor.
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What if the temperature does not pass for a long time?
In the event that the temperature of 38.2 ° C in a child or an adult holds 4-5 days, to clarify the situation and the further development of medical tactics requires careful collection of history and the delivery of all necessary analyzes.
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RINZA® AND RINZASIP® with vitamin C at a temperature of 38.2 ° C
To combat the symptoms of colds and influenza, rhines® tablets are developed, hot drink *Rinzasip® with vitamin C and powder for the preparation of a solution to inside RINZASIP® for children (applied from 6 years) with a pleasant raspberry taste 5,6,7 . These integrated effects contain paracetamol in their composition with antipyretic and painkillers 5,6,7 . Due to the specially developed formula, including a combination of active ingredients, these drugs contribute to getting rid of cold and flu and influenza symptoms and facilitating the overall state of the patient 5,6,7 .
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The information in this article is referenced and does not replace the professional consultation of the doctor. For the diagnosis and treatment of treatment, refer to a qualified specialist.
- Chernysheva O.E. Hyperthermic syndrome in children: development mechanisms, flow features, therapy methods. / Chernysheva O.E., Julish E.I. / At first pediatric, No. 3 (38), 2012, p. 61-64.
- L.I. Kalyuchnaya. Disorders of heat exchange and fever. / L.I. Kalyuzhny, D. A. Earthovna // Pediatrician Volume VI No. 1 2015, p. 124-133.
- Delyagin V. M. Fever. The diversity of the reasons and the complexity of the decision / on the pediatric. №1 2013, p. 80-83.
- Tsoeva L.M. Fever of unclear genes (to help the practitioner). / Tsojeva L.M., Snopkov Yu.P. // Emergency Medicine No. 5 (60), 2014, p. 40-45.
- Instructions for the use of RINZA® drug. Registration number: P N015798 / 01.
- Instructions for the use of Rinzasip® preparation with vitamin C. Registration number: LS-002579.
- Instructions for the use of RINZA® for children. Registration number: LP-001821.
* In accordance with the instructions for use, the contents of 1 Sasha (sachet) must be pouring hot water and mix until complete dissolution, resulting in a "hot drink"