For decorations and landscaping of premises, unpretentious plants are used, requiring minimal care and attention, so in schools and offices a ficus of elastic is found. This type of tropical trees is known from the pre-revolutionary times and conquers the hearts of flowerflowers with a rich greens and a chic appearance. In addition to attractiveness, the culture contains unusually driving juice, from which rubber is mined and used in industry in the manufacture of rubber. A resident of South Indonesia has long been mastered in room conditions of domestic apartments, offices, schools and kindergartens. Ficus Elastics range to one of the few plants affecting the positive atmosphere in the room, and according to the teachings of Fengshui, the flower brings well-being in the house, wealth, cleanses thoughts, helps to take the right decision and gives a peace. Science agrees with the wise men. Studies have shown that the tree cleans the air is much stronger than another greenery and actively produces oxygen. Ficus received another name - "rubber" or "elastic". This is obliged to its specific juice, which contains a substance - rubber. The appearance growing in natural conditions is externally different from its roommate and reaches a height of 30 meters. Record indicators - 60 meters, trunk girth - 200 cm. Aerial roots are formed as an additional power supply on the branches of wood, rather strong and powerful. In the natural environment, blooming and fruiting is observed. The maximum age of the ficus is 50 years old, older specimens dry out. The Motherland of the Thutov, to which elastics belongs, is part of India, South Indonesia, Java Island and Sri Lanka. In a temperate climate, the view is not able to survive, so it is grown as a room culture, decorating at home and botanical gardens. The world is known about 2 thousand types of ficuses, but only 1% of them are used in home flower growing. All varieties are unique in their own, beautiful, have characteristic features and colors, but the care of them is quite simple. The most popular are compact views with large leaves. They are grown as decoration of spacious premises and creating a cozy situation. A tree with dark green, shiny, dense leaves of 10-15 cm wide and up to 20 cm long. The trunk is thick, smooth, low-tech. In the care of Robust, unpretentious and has high indicators of air purification, for which is in demand as a pet. When the content of the ficus, it is necessary to trim the vertices, otherwise the stalks will be pulled out and lose their attractiveness. Peppercut grade with green, rigid leaves having a cream border and olive touches around the edge. The maximum length of their length reaches 25 cm, the thick liquid of yellowish color passes in the center. Sticks and grazers brown. Tineke is considered one of the most capricious varieties of ficus and needs proper lighting, watering, frequent spraying and heat. It is this variety that is the most compact, it grows not to swell, but styling, creating lush bushes. The progenitor Melanie was the form of a decor, which over time mutated and provided the possibility of breeders to withdraw a new variety. Externally, the variety is very similar to the robust, but its leaves are smaller, and the bush is more branched. The characteristic color is dark green, monophonic, with inside and on the hilt - burgundy. For transplanting a universal soil for flowers is suitable. Watering is required moderate, when soil graze for 2 cm. To keep the shape of a bush, spend the crown spring crown. Evergreen slender handsome man with a powerful stem and large, fleshy leaves became regulars in boring offices. The height of the variety of Abidjan reaches one and a half meters, allowing you to grow flower in wide pots on the floor. Rubber care is undemanding and suitable even novice flower. The green part spray and wipe the wet napkin to remove dust. Due to the mutational ability of the ficus in the greenhouse conditions, a new culture of the Pedolis variety was obtained - Belize. Externally, the plant is no different from his fellow, except for coloring. According to the contour of the sheet plates, in addition to creamy and olive shades, pink and burgundy are present, and a wide dark pink vein passes in the center. Dense, extended-oval leaves with pink spraying look unusual and original compared to other plants. Like all the voyage, Belize is demanding in care, especially in high-quality ground and lighting (with a lack of light, the color fade and disappears). In room conditions, this species is grown for a long time and is quite popular. The demand for a black prince comes due to its unpretentiousness and ability to change the shade of greenery depending on the illumination of the room. In the morning, the color is dark green, and dinner is darker, virtually black, great effects are attached to burgundy strips that are clearly visible on his background. Differs grade more round and wide leaves with a glossy surface. To care for the culture of solid pleasure and die even a child. The plant has a strong immunity, tolerates drought well and quickly adapts after a transplant. For greater expressiveness, several varieties of culture are planted in one pot. This makes it possible to get an original and spectacular flower with an unusual color. Mixes occurs a voyage and monophonic, with solid leaves of an elongated shape. The height of the bush depends on the conditions of content, but mainly does not exceed 150 cm. To maintain decorative qualities, the plant is located on the windowsill or near the light source. A wide range of species makes it possible to experiment and grow several tropical trees in the house, especially considering their ability to clean the air and creating a favorable situation. Superval people believe in the signs associated with improving the aura indoors and deliverance from the negative in the presence of a ficus. This fact is explained by the ability to absorb toxins and harmful substances by the leaves of the plant, as if sponges, and neutralize radiation. Having understood with the varieties and positive qualities of the plant, it is necessary to note the negative impact. Scientists have been proven that the rubber juice of the ficus distinguishes certain substances that settle in the larynx of man and causing cough or asthma. For the same reason, you should not try the juice taste or allow animals to gnaw shoots. For newbies wishing to engage in breeding ficus, it is worth staying on unpretentious varieties, for example, Robust or Black Prince. A more experienced will suit the voyage species that require an individual approach and capricious lighting. The care of all hybrids is as follows: Pruning and transplant is recommended to spend in spring - during the growth period of all plants. In another season, they will not bring significant changes, but only take time. At home, it is easy to create comfort for any plant, especially the heat-loving. To do this, it is necessary to highlight the place, to equip it with backlight and pour out water. At any time of the year, the air temperature is maintained in the apartment or house, the air temperature is maintained, which is an ideal atmosphere for growth in colors, including a ficus. A tree, habitual to hot tropics, easily tolerates summer heat, and in winter it is contained at + 17-20 degrees. Ficus develops perfectly in half. Some varieties need more illumination, but at a meal hour, they should be given to paper or shoot from the windowsill, otherwise the leaves will receive burns. It is not necessary too often to transfer the flower from one room to another, it is very sensitive to change, and they will only harm him. The same situation is also with drafts. Elastics do not like them and with a sharp change of temperature resets the greens. In winter, it is worth taking care of additional lighting and install a lamp of daylight. When soil graze, 2-4 cm is carried out by watering the indulgent water temperature. The plant does not like moisture stagnation, so in the winter period watered moderately and rarely. As an additional moisture, spraying from the sprayer is used, the procedure is carried out 2-3 times a week. Ficus is positively responding to an air humidifier, which is installed nearby with a 60 percent indicator on the barometer. Adult trees that have reached the meter and more in height are watered less often and allow an earthen one to dry by 5-6 cm from the surface. Once a week, bathing a bush and wipe all the leaves with a wet napkin, removing dust. With the onset of spring, mineral and organic fertilizers for colors add, alternating every 2 weeks. Funds can be bought in any specialized store. When making feeding, it is important to comply with the rules and prevent the substances from entering the green part and the kidney, otherwise it is fraught with burns and the appearance of yellow spots. At the end of September, the feeding stop and reduce watering. In March-April, all plants from winter sleep wake up, and a period of active growth begins. This is the best time to transplant room colors. The procedure is carried out as necessary: The new container is selected on 2-4 centimeters more than the previous one and 5 cm deeper. More volumetric pots are not recommended to take, otherwise the root formation will go, and the green part will stop in growth for a long time. At the first stage of transplant, it is necessary to moisten the earth to the earth, so as not to damage the roots when removing from the container. Then the tree is neatly removed along with the soil and the handling method is determined in a new pot, filled with 1/4 drainage. The entire upper part is sprinkled with fresh soil. Many varieties of ficus are difficult to adapt after the transplantation, so do not carry out the pruning in the same year. A store mixture "for ficuses and palm trees" is suitable as a soil or the composition of the turf, leaf land, peat and river sand. The presence of a thick layer of drainage must. Pruning is also carried out in spring, but when it is required to limit the growth of the tree that has reached 1 meter. Before the procedure necessarily disinfect knives with alcohol to prevent the diploma and the formation of illness on shoots. Cut the tops and side processes. Parts remaining with the molding of the bush are used as a planting material - cuttings. For reproduction, only healthy and strong shoots will rise with the presence of at least one sheet and a length of 9-15 cm. They are kept in a weak solution of manganese and add a steam drops of growth activator. After that, planted in vermiculite or sand, moisturized and covered with a glass (plastic) cap. A month later, small roots are formed on the edge of the cut, this is a faithful sign that the cuttings began and ready for a transplant in a pot with a nutrient soil. The lower edge of the cutlets is cut at an angle of 45 degrees a very sharp knife. The grinding of cuttings is real and in boiled clean water, which should be changed from time to time. A glass or bank is suitable as a container. The cuttings grown in this way will have thin and weak roots. Expanding in the soil fruitful. If you have to buy a sapling in the store, then the first thing to pay attention is the absence of diseases and parasites. The main and most opposite pest affecting the entire surface of the tree - the shield, it is very difficult to get rid of it. It looks like a brown droplet on the leaves and stems, a sticky liquid appears on the flower and around the pot. You can get rid of it, completely replacing the earthen com and container. And the plant itself is desirable to be treated with soap solution, washing away all insects. As prophylaxis, the soil is sprayed with a pink manganese solution, and the green part is treated with insecticides. Other pests may appear on the ficus: Special preparations and mechanical cleaning are getting rid of them. Fitting and yellowing of foliage can talk about incorrect leaving or rebupping moisture. In this case, they carry out a complete change of land, washed and dried roots, after which they plant in a new soil and continue to care. Compliance with simple rules will help grow a healthy and beautiful tree, which will become a present flower property.
Distinctive features and varieties
The content of the ficus at home
Lighting and temperature regime
Watering and moisturizing
Transplant to a new pot
Reproduction of culture
Problems for growing
For decorations and landscaping of premises, unpretentious plants are used, requiring minimal care and attention, so in schools and offices a ficus of elastic is found. This type of tropical trees is known from the pre-revolutionary times and conquers the hearts of flowerflowers with a rich greens and a chic appearance. In addition to attractiveness, the culture contains unusually driving juice, from which rubber is mined and used in industry in the manufacture of rubber.
A resident of South Indonesia has long been mastered in room conditions of domestic apartments, offices, schools and kindergartens. Ficus Elastics range to one of the few plants affecting the positive atmosphere in the room, and according to the teachings of Fengshui, the flower brings well-being in the house, wealth, cleanses thoughts, helps to take the right decision and gives a peace. Science agrees with the wise men. Studies have shown that the tree cleans the air is much stronger than another greenery and actively produces oxygen.
Ficus received another name - "rubber" or "elastic". This is obliged to its specific juice, which contains a substance - rubber. The appearance growing in natural conditions is externally different from its roommate and reaches a height of 30 meters. Record indicators - 60 meters, trunk girth - 200 cm. Aerial roots are formed as an additional power supply on the branches of wood, rather strong and powerful. In the natural environment, blooming and fruiting is observed.
The maximum age of the ficus is 50 years old, older specimens dry out.
The Motherland of the Thutov, to which elastics belongs, is part of India, South Indonesia, Java Island and Sri Lanka. In a temperate climate, the view is not able to survive, so it is grown as a room culture, decorating at home and botanical gardens.
The world is known about 2 thousand types of ficuses, but only 1% of them are used in home flower growing. All varieties are unique in their own, beautiful, have characteristic features and colors, but the care of them is quite simple.
The most popular are compact views with large leaves. They are grown as decoration of spacious premises and creating a cozy situation.
A tree with dark green, shiny, dense leaves of 10-15 cm wide and up to 20 cm long. The trunk is thick, smooth, low-tech. In the care of Robust, unpretentious and has high indicators of air purification, for which is in demand as a pet.
When the content of the ficus, it is necessary to trim the vertices, otherwise the stalks will be pulled out and lose their attractiveness.
Peppercut grade with green, rigid leaves having a cream border and olive touches around the edge. The maximum length of their length reaches 25 cm, the thick liquid of yellowish color passes in the center. Sticks and grazers brown.
Tineke is considered one of the most capricious varieties of ficus and needs proper lighting, watering, frequent spraying and heat.
It is this variety that is the most compact, it grows not to swell, but styling, creating lush bushes. The progenitor Melanie was the form of a decor, which over time mutated and provided the possibility of breeders to withdraw a new variety.
Externally, the variety is very similar to the robust, but its leaves are smaller, and the bush is more branched. The characteristic color is dark green, monophonic, with inside and on the hilt - burgundy. For transplanting a universal soil for flowers is suitable. Watering is required moderate, when soil graze for 2 cm. To keep the shape of a bush, spend the crown spring crown.
Evergreen slender handsome man with a powerful stem and large, fleshy leaves became regulars in boring offices. The height of the variety of Abidjan reaches one and a half meters, allowing you to grow flower in wide pots on the floor.
Rubber care is undemanding and suitable even novice flower. The green part spray and wipe the wet napkin to remove dust.
Due to the mutational ability of the ficus in the greenhouse conditions, a new culture of the Pedolis variety was obtained - Belize. Externally, the plant is no different from his fellow, except for coloring. According to the contour of the sheet plates, in addition to creamy and olive shades, pink and burgundy are present, and a wide dark pink vein passes in the center.
Dense, extended-oval leaves with pink spraying look unusual and original compared to other plants. Like all the voyage, Belize is demanding in care, especially in high-quality ground and lighting (with a lack of light, the color fade and disappears).
In room conditions, this species is grown for a long time and is quite popular. The demand for a black prince comes due to its unpretentiousness and ability to change the shade of greenery depending on the illumination of the room. In the morning, the color is dark green, and dinner is darker, virtually black, great effects are attached to burgundy strips that are clearly visible on his background.
Differs grade more round and wide leaves with a glossy surface. To care for the culture of solid pleasure and die even a child. The plant has a strong immunity, tolerates drought well and quickly adapts after a transplant.
For greater expressiveness, several varieties of culture are planted in one pot. This makes it possible to get an original and spectacular flower with an unusual color. Mixes occurs a voyage and monophonic, with solid leaves of an elongated shape. The height of the bush depends on the conditions of content, but mainly does not exceed 150 cm. To maintain decorative qualities, the plant is located on the windowsill or near the light source.
A wide range of species makes it possible to experiment and grow several tropical trees in the house, especially considering their ability to clean the air and creating a favorable situation. Superval people believe in the signs associated with improving the aura indoors and deliverance from the negative in the presence of a ficus. This fact is explained by the ability to absorb toxins and harmful substances by the leaves of the plant, as if sponges, and neutralize radiation.
Having understood with the varieties and positive qualities of the plant, it is necessary to note the negative impact. Scientists have been proven that the rubber juice of the ficus distinguishes certain substances that settle in the larynx of man and causing cough or asthma. For the same reason, you should not try the juice taste or allow animals to gnaw shoots.
For newbies wishing to engage in breeding ficus, it is worth staying on unpretentious varieties, for example, Robust or Black Prince. A more experienced will suit the voyage species that require an individual approach and capricious lighting. The care of all hybrids is as follows:
Pruning and transplant is recommended to spend in spring - during the growth period of all plants. In another season, they will not bring significant changes, but only take time.
At home, it is easy to create comfort for any plant, especially the heat-loving. To do this, it is necessary to highlight the place, to equip it with backlight and pour out water.
At any time of the year, the air temperature is maintained in the apartment or house, the air temperature is maintained, which is an ideal atmosphere for growth in colors, including a ficus. A tree, habitual to hot tropics, easily tolerates summer heat, and in winter it is contained at + 17-20 degrees.
Ficus develops perfectly in half. Some varieties need more illumination, but at a meal hour, they should be given to paper or shoot from the windowsill, otherwise the leaves will receive burns. It is not necessary too often to transfer the flower from one room to another, it is very sensitive to change, and they will only harm him. The same situation is also with drafts. Elastics do not like them and with a sharp change of temperature resets the greens.
In winter, it is worth taking care of additional lighting and install a lamp of daylight.
When soil graze, 2-4 cm is carried out by watering the indulgent water temperature. The plant does not like moisture stagnation, so in the winter period watered moderately and rarely. As an additional moisture, spraying from the sprayer is used, the procedure is carried out 2-3 times a week. Ficus is positively responding to an air humidifier, which is installed nearby with a 60 percent indicator on the barometer.
Adult trees that have reached the meter and more in height are watered less often and allow an earthen one to dry by 5-6 cm from the surface. Once a week, bathing a bush and wipe all the leaves with a wet napkin, removing dust.
With the onset of spring, mineral and organic fertilizers for colors add, alternating every 2 weeks. Funds can be bought in any specialized store. When making feeding, it is important to comply with the rules and prevent the substances from entering the green part and the kidney, otherwise it is fraught with burns and the appearance of yellow spots. At the end of September, the feeding stop and reduce watering.
In March-April, all plants from winter sleep wake up, and a period of active growth begins. This is the best time to transplant room colors. The procedure is carried out as necessary:
The new container is selected on 2-4 centimeters more than the previous one and 5 cm deeper. More volumetric pots are not recommended to take, otherwise the root formation will go, and the green part will stop in growth for a long time.
At the first stage of transplant, it is necessary to moisten the earth to the earth, so as not to damage the roots when removing from the container. Then the tree is neatly removed along with the soil and the handling method is determined in a new pot, filled with 1/4 drainage. The entire upper part is sprinkled with fresh soil.
Many varieties of ficus are difficult to adapt after the transplantation, so do not carry out the pruning in the same year.
A store mixture "for ficuses and palm trees" is suitable as a soil or the composition of the turf, leaf land, peat and river sand. The presence of a thick layer of drainage must.
Pruning is also carried out in spring, but when it is required to limit the growth of the tree that has reached 1 meter. Before the procedure necessarily disinfect knives with alcohol to prevent the diploma and the formation of illness on shoots. Cut the tops and side processes.
Parts remaining with the molding of the bush are used as a planting material - cuttings. For reproduction, only healthy and strong shoots will rise with the presence of at least one sheet and a length of 9-15 cm. They are kept in a weak solution of manganese and add a steam drops of growth activator. After that, planted in vermiculite or sand, moisturized and covered with a glass (plastic) cap. A month later, small roots are formed on the edge of the cut, this is a faithful sign that the cuttings began and ready for a transplant in a pot with a nutrient soil.
The lower edge of the cutlets is cut at an angle of 45 degrees a very sharp knife.
The grinding of cuttings is real and in boiled clean water, which should be changed from time to time. A glass or bank is suitable as a container. The cuttings grown in this way will have thin and weak roots. Expanding in the soil fruitful.
If you have to buy a sapling in the store, then the first thing to pay attention is the absence of diseases and parasites. The main and most opposite pest affecting the entire surface of the tree - the shield, it is very difficult to get rid of it. It looks like a brown droplet on the leaves and stems, a sticky liquid appears on the flower and around the pot.
You can get rid of it, completely replacing the earthen com and container. And the plant itself is desirable to be treated with soap solution, washing away all insects. As prophylaxis, the soil is sprayed with a pink manganese solution, and the green part is treated with insecticides.
Other pests may appear on the ficus:
Special preparations and mechanical cleaning are getting rid of them.
Fitting and yellowing of foliage can talk about incorrect leaving or rebupping moisture. In this case, they carry out a complete change of land, washed and dried roots, after which they plant in a new soil and continue to care.
Compliance with simple rules will help grow a healthy and beautiful tree, which will become a present flower property.
Ficus elastic (Ficus Elastica), or Ficus Rubbone is a view of the genus Ficus of the Language family. It comes to this plant from the Indonesian Islands of Java and Sumatra, and from the northeastern part of India. Such a ficus was named rubricular, because it has thick juice, which contains a lot of rubber used for the production of rubber. In the homeland of ficus elastic Buddhists, he is revered as a sacred plant. Of all the types of ficus, this species, and its cultivars are most popular with flower flowers. However, in the twentieth century, this plant, many flower products counted the blatant symbol of Durunkusitsy, and forgot about him for a long time. However, thanks to Dutch flower, in recent years, this beautiful and unpretentious plant again became popular.
Brief description of cultivation
- Bloom . It is grown as a decorative deciduous plant.
- Light . It can be grown in a slight shading or with bright abdomen.
- Temperature mode . Throughout the growing season - from 20 to 25 degrees, and in winter it is not colder than 15 degrees.
- Watering . In the warm season - 1 or 2 times in 7 days, and in winter - once a week.
- Air humidity . Must be elevated. In the spring-summer period, the bush needs to be systematically moistened from the sprayer. Dust from foliage is removed by a moistened with a soft cloth.
- Fertilizer . Feed the ficus 1 time in 15 days from April to September. To do this, alternately use the organic and mineral fertilizer with an increased nitrogen content.
- Period of rest . In October-March.
- Transfer . The young plant needs a frequent transplant, which is carried out every year in spring time or in the first summer weeks. More adult bushes subjected to this procedure once every 2 or 3 years. If the bush is already old, it is not transplanted, but only annually replace the top layer of the soil.
- Reproduction . Grooves and stalling.
- Harmful insects . TLL, nematodes, shields, trips, milders, yellow and red spider ticks.
- Diseases . Root rot, sage mushroom, churchosposition, anthracnose and Botritis.
- Properties . In the juice of this plant contains poisonous substances.
Features of the disgusting of the fraud
In natural conditions, the ficus rubbing in height can reach about 30 m. It can also grow to the width, the fact is that it has air roots, they fall from the branches and tree trunk to the surface of the soil and grow into the ground. Thus, they supply the ficus with additional nutrients, and also give it a form that is called "Banyan". Since he has a lot of silent aerial roots, the locals nicknamed it with the "Snake Tree." Launched large leathery leafy plates of dark green color have an elliptical form that has a sharpening on the top. Young leafy plates are incorrosed by brownish-red strips, which dried very quickly and fly away, immediately after the disclosure of the leaves. The flowers of this plant are not clear and does not represent any decorative value, but they are formed only when the bush pollines certain insects, and when growing in room conditions it is rather problematic. In this regard, only an adult bush can bloom, which grows in a fairly spacious winter garden. Fruits are a sicon-shaped siconium, in a diameter reaching up to 10 mm, externally, they are similar to small intolerable figs.
Most recently, such a fiber was grown massively to obtain rubber from its Milky Juice. If the juice of the ficus falls on the skin, then this can cause an allergic reaction, irritation or dermatitis, since in it in addition to latex contains alkaloids and enzymes. If there will be cuts on the ficus or wounds because of animals or a person, then this labeled juice will help them very quickly heal. The height of the room ficus rarely exceeds 200 centimeters. However, it is not a slow-growing plant, so for 1 year under favorable conditions in the height of the bush can be added from 0.4 to 0.45 m. If it cracks to the ceiling, then it can be trimmed. In most cases, when cultivating a ficus in room conditions, its barrel does not give lateral shoots.
CARE FOR FICSUE RUBLIC SUPPORT at home
Ficus rubbing refers to light-loving plants, so the light should be bright, but necessarily scattered, since the straight rays of the sun can harm him. For him, you can choose a place and in a small shading, but in this case its growth and development will be slower, at the same time be prepared for the fact that the lower foliage will fly away.
In the spring and summer period, the bush is best grows at an indoor room from 20 to 25 degrees. It will not make much harm and a short-term increase in temperature up to 30 degrees. In winter, it is recommended to be transferred to a cool place, but make sure that the air temperature does not fall below 15 degrees.
Watering and humidity
It is necessary to moisturize the pot in the pot only when in the depth of the upper layer will dry by about 2 fingers. On average, in the spring and summer period, watering is carried out 1 or 2 times in 7 days, and in the cold season - once a week. If irrigation is more frequent, then this may cause the flight inlet.
In spring and summer time, to increase the level of humidity, the foliage is systematically sprayed with warm water from the spray, and it is washed with a moistened with a mute with a humble cloth. And 1 time in 30 days it is desirable to make a warm shower ficus, while the substrate in a pot is sure to protect against water, covering it with a film. In winter, it is not recommended to moisturize the foliage, instead it is wiped with a wet swab and removed away from the working heating devices.
In order for the bush of growing and developing within the normal range, it is necessary in the period from April to September to regularly feed 1 time in 15 days. To do this, it is recommended to use liquid organic and mineral fertilizers with an elevated nitrogen content. For example, after irrigation under the plant, it is possible to pour a solution of nitroposki (per 1 liter of water ½ tsp. Of substances), and after a half months later, the cowboy is fed by infusion, as well after watering. Do not allow the nutritional mixture to fall on the surface of growth kidney or foliage. Polishing leaf plates with chemicals can not be, as a last resort, you can use non-alcoholic beer for this.
Transplanting displacer rubcoming
While the buscher is young, he needs an annual transplant, which is carried out in the spring months either in the first summer weeks. The adult bush transplant is carried out only at extreme need, after its root system becomes very closely in the tank (on average 1 time in 2 or 3 years). A sign of the fact that the soils are exhausted and it should be replaced by fresh, it is that after irrigation, the liquid overly quickly flows into the pallet.
When choosing a new pot, you need to consider that it should be 50-60 mm deeper and 40-50 mm more in diameter compared to the old one. If the plant is very old, then during the transplant it can suffer greatly, which will lead to his death. In this regard, experienced flowers advise, do not disturb such a fiber with transplants, and simply regularly 1 time per year it changes the top layer of soil 30 mm thick on fresh. The composition suitable for growing a ficus of the earth mixture should be peat, leaf and hardening soil, and even river sand (1: 1: 1: 1). If you wish, you can buy a ready-made soil for ficus. Also, the universal soil is suitable for transplant, but it will be necessary to pour a small amount of river sand.
In the pot, pour a good layer of drainage, and you carefully pull out the flower along with an earthen room from the old tank and pass it into a new one. Put all the empties of fresh landstorm so that the pot has become complete.
Pruning is needed in order to restrain the growth of the bush, as well as to increase the number of foliage, because over the years, the lower sheet plates begin to fly away. Often beginner flower, wanting their ficus branched, the top is cut off. However, it does not begin to branch, at best, he awakens one of the upper kidneys located on the trunk. To achieve greater, it is recommended to cut 5-6 intercosals. In an excessively fast extended bush, you can cut up the top, it is rooted for starters, and then planted in the same container. When the stems achieved the maximum permissible height from your point of view, they will need to cut again. The trimming should be carried out at the beginning of the spring, otherwise the side kidneys will not wake up, and the uppermost point of growth will begin to grow. Crop the plant is a very sharp pre-disinfected blade. Milky juice, which is highlighted after trimming, it is necessary to remove with running water.
If you want your home to decorate a lush ficus bush, then several plants are planted into one container. For his cultivation, they choose a slightly shaded place, while the bush systematically turn around its axis, it is necessary that the stems are not curved, as they begin to reach the source of light. If you planted in a pot of just one plant and want to make it more magnificent, then try to wake sleeping kidneys that are on the stem, trimming (about how to do it, more described above). Also, to increase the puff of the plant, some flower products use a method of piercing the trunk to a depth, which makes up 1/3 of its thickness. Similar stimulation starts from the top of the trunk, and then gradually fall below.
The upper part of the young bush is tilted down to the maximum, after which it needs to be fixed. The kidney, which turned out to be above all the others, awakens and gives side escape. As soon as this happens, the flower is returned to the usual position.
Methods of breeding
The reproduction of the ficus of rubber cuttings is one of the most efficient and simple ways. Cut the spout of the top or stem cutlery, the height of which should be from 10 to 15 centimeters. It is cut off all leafy plates, they only leave 1-2 top sheets. Rock the milk juice from it, for this cutlets are kept under running water until its selection stops. Rooted it in water tanks. Those sheet plates that remained, to reduce the area of evaporation of moisture, turn into a tube, and so that they do not turn around, they wear elastic bands. However, the best cuttings give roots when rooting in the soil, but in this case they need to be covered with a transparent polyethylene package.
As a rule, cuttings cut off from a green-shaft variety of rubber ficus, give roots very quickly, and there are no problems with them. If you took a stalk from the Variety of Fikus, before disembodied to rooting the location of the cut, it is necessary to assign a heteroacexin or row. Sit them in mini-greenhouse with lower heated. However, you need to be prepared for the fact that such cuttings are not rooted.
Reproduction by air chains
Peppercut forms of ficus are best breeding with air chains. Make an incision on the trunk, the depth of which should be equal to 1/3 of its thickness. To cut the edges of the cut, install a match in it. This place on the trunk should be wrapped with a moistened sphagnum, which is turned on top with polyethylene, an ordinary tape is used to fix it. After the roots are formed at the scene of the cut (you can see it through a transparent film), the escape is cut below the groove with roots and planted in a separate pot.
This method of reproduction is extremely rare, and besides, it is untested (that is, there is no evidence that this method is really effective). If a cut sheet plate is put on a rooting in a container with water, then after some time it will grow root. And after it is planted in the substrate, a month later, a year, two years in your pot will turn this sheet plate, because it is unable to give shoots.
Diseases and pests
Rubbone ficus differs relatively high resistance to both different diseases and harmful insects. However, very rarely on it will be settled by the web ticks or the shields. If this happens, it will be necessary to wash the foliage with the infusion of tobacco dust, for the preparation of which is connected 1 liters of water and 4 tbsp. l. Dust, also add a small amount of soap into the mixture. A couple of hours after applying the solution on the foliage, it was washed with clean water. If the shields settled on the bush, then try to remove all pests from it before processing, for this use a regular cotton swab. And remember that those plants in which leafy plates are kept clean, can not suffer from pests, as they bypass them.
Due to improper care or inappropriate conditions of content with a flower, the following problems may occur:
- Flying foliage . If only the bottom sheet plates fall, then it is not worth worrying, because it is a completely natural process associated with the aging of the plant. If not only the lower foliage dies away, then the cause of the land of the land in the pot can be the cause of this, too frequent watering, poor lighting, sharp change in temperature or cold draft.
- Yellowing foliage . As a rule, leafy plates first become yellow, and then die and fall. Therefore, the reasons for the yellowing of foliage see above. However, foliage can change its color to yellow and due to the fact that there are so many nutrients in the soil. In this case, the washing of the substrate is recommended, for this, through the upper irrigation into the container, such a volume of water is poured into the container, which one could fill 3 such empty flower pots in which the ficus grows. After washing, the feeders suspend 8 weeks. Also, yellowing can be due to the fact that there are a lot of salts in the landstress, in this case only a flower transplant in a fresh substrate will help to correct the situation. More leaves are yellowing when the ficus grows in an excessively large capacity, in this case it must be transplanted into a new pot of smaller volume. Also, yellow leaves may be a sign that the rotors appeared on the roots. If you sniff the soil, then it will smell the rot. In this case, it is necessary to pull the bush from the container, freeing its root system from the ground, cut all the rotten areas, after which it is planted in a fresh substrate. However, there are cases when the planning plant is not able to save.
- Bush is not growing . This may be due to the fact that the ficus feels an acute shortage of nutrients, he lacks light either its root system is very closely in a pot. If you correct the existing errors, the bush will start actively growing.
Rubbone Ficus: Benefits and Harm
Rulecaric fountain is capable of quite effectively cleaning the air in the room from trichloroethylene, phenol and benzene. At the same time, these hazardous substances it processes in sugar and amino acids. In addition, Ayepta Ayurveda is confident that this plant can absorb the fluids of anxiety and anger, thereby clearing the energy of the room. Hindus argue that if a childless couple, which has long been dreaming of children, will decorate his house Ficus, then she will soon have a baby.
Also, the ficus rubber possesses the medicinal properties that are used in medicine. Made from its juice and foliage means are used for the treatment of mastopathy, and even for the prevention of cancer. Also, such drugs are used during fibromic therapy and uterine misa. Compresses that are used with radiculitis, hemorrhoids, arthritis and osteochondrosis are prepared from juice. Astmatics need to be very careful with this plant, because it highlights the rubber in the air, which can cause an attack of choking.
Ficus Elastic or rubber or rubber - common indoor plant, which belongs to the family of the tanks, the genus Ficus.
His homeland is the northeast of India, as well as the islands of Java and Sumatra.
At home, the plant does not reach its full size, which is 30 meters in nature, and is growing for years, not suffering from incomplete development.
Attention: Fruit under the conditions of an apartment tree is extremely rare, only reaching a large size, mainly in winter gardens.
Under the conditions of the apartment grows several of the most decorative plants. They are unpretentious and can grow almost in any house.
Ideal Little room option . Ficus Elastic melanie compact and attractive. Large leaves of a dark green color with pink-orange bottom and good bush attach to him an unusual look.
This ficus is unpretentious and suitable even for those who have no experience in the content of houseplants.
Plant leaves wide with burgundy burgundy resistance. In a small room, Abidjan will look at cumbersome. It unpretentious and can be the first room plant .
Ficus Elastic Belize is the most common appearance, which is more often cultivated in an apartment. The color of the leaf is tricolor, which adds a decorative plant.
The edge of the leaf plates is white-pink, and the central part is saturated-green. View needs quality lighting And care for it requires strict adherence to recommendations.
it The most undemanding variety which can grow practically in any conditions. The leaves of dark green color, fleshy, capable of very high quality air from harmful substances.
Because of this feature, it is recommended to start such a ficus to residents of areas adjacent to industrial zones. Robusta due to his endurance forgives many novice flower errors and is even able to survive for several days of drying.
Spotted plants leaves with uneven distribution of spots. Spots of various shapes and size, from white to light green colors. It is clearly visible in the photo.
Tineke, unlike most ficuses, whimsical, he Suitable only for an experienced flower . The newcomer will cope with it, only if it is strictly adhered to all the recommendations without disturbing them.
The Mixer variety turns out when several rubbing ficuses are planted at one pot. The leaves of the Mix of Mixes, with glossy glitter, oval shape can be dark green or voyage.
Smooth stem is densely despite, which creates a good decorative effect. Ficus It is unpretentious , It can be grown without difficulty in most apartments. Can clean the air well.
How to care for a plant after shopping
First of all Tsechi put in quarantine Since it is necessary to make sure that it is not patient and is not affected by pests. Quarantine is required in order for the plant to adapt to new conditions and not infected if there are already available indoor plants are carriers of infections that they themselves do not appear.
Attention: Moving to new conditions for ficus is stress, so it requires special attention in the first weeks after the purchase.
After buying a ficus to transplant, since The land in which it is bought, unsuitable for long-term cultivation .
To make the plant maximally, it is saturated with additives, which, with long exposure, kill it.
Transfer spend a week after purchase When Ficus is already accustomed to new living conditions.
The plant is watered and carefully removed from the pot. After that, the store the soil shakes down and transplant the ficus into the appropriate soil. At the bottom of the pot must be done Drainage from Keramzita . The diameter of the new pot takes 4 cm more than the previous one.
For details on transplanting the displacement of the rubber and care for it in this video:
Correct care at home extends the life of the ficus and allows him to remain as decorative as possible.
|Temperature||From +15 to + 28c о. Changing it in the summer and winter period is not required.|
|Lighting||Intense, without direct sunlight.|
|Watering||As the soil drying. Water for watering is needed warm and well distorted.|
|Air humidity||Additional air moistening is not required. Sufficient is a standard moisture for the apartment.|
|Priming||Specialized primer is used for ficuses, which is sold in stores.|
|Podkord||Feeding need only in the spring-summer period . Alternate the introduction of organic and mineral fertilizers. Check out 1 time in 2 weeks.|
|Transfer||Transfer It is held in the spring annually With a gradual increase in pot.|
|Diseases||Plant is not subject to illness. Drying leaves and excessive shooting of shoots is associated with illiterate care.|
|Pest||TRIPS, BLACK, CULT COG. Eliminated by means washing using soap mortar .|
|Formation of crown and trimming||Pruning is carried out in spring in sanitation to remove patients and damaged leaves. Extra shoots are also cut off, thereby forming a beautiful crown.|
The easiest to breed a plant Highlighting method .
It is also possible to reproduce the ficus by air chains.
The reproduction of seeds in the conditions of the apartment is almost impossible.
Fikus flowering elasta in the conditions of the apartment is not observed due to the insufficient sized of the village.
About other varieties of ficus you can read:
Beginner flowerflowers can face problems such as leaves' extinguishing and their yellowing. Most often, this is due to the fact that the ficus is on a draft, and it constantly damages cold air. It is also worth checking the soil that may be too dry.
With a lack of nutrients in the soil, the leaves of the plant begin to flame and not grow to normal plants. The largest leaves are reset.
Attention: Ficus Elastica is a useful room plant that does not just adorns the room, and also improves the owner's health, cleaning the air.
Ficus rubbing - this is an evergreen tree, which in nature grows up to 40 m in height. Rubber ficus refers to the family of the mulberry. In places of its natural growth are the islands of Java, Sumatra, as well as the whole northeastern part of India. Homeland is glorified by Buddhists as a sacred plant. At home, the ficus rubbing (elasta) is easy to leaving and is the most popular variety among all the ficuses.
Motherland and the appearance of the plant
In vivo, the ficus rubbing grows in Northeast India and on the islands of Java and Sumatra. In nature, the height of the plant can reach thirty meters. In addition, in the natural habitat, the ficuses grow in width. This is due to air roots that reach such a length, which is growing into the ground, providing a plant with the necessary nutrients. It is the air roots that give ficus the original form of "Banyan". Locals are called the Snake Tree Plant.
The leaves of the plant on the branches are arranged alternately, have the form of an ellipse, pointed to the top. Color plate color: from dark green to motley. Young leaves wrapped with hopes who have a reddish-brown shade. When the sheet is completely unfolded, it becomes strong, the arrival of independently dries and falls.
Plant inflorescences do not represent any decorative value. Buds and flowers appear only on the condition of pollination by insects. At home to achieve the appearance of inflorescences is quite difficult. If the ficus is grown in the winter garden, the likelihood of flowers appeared on adult plants increases.
At the end of flowering, fruits are formed, constituting the Siconia no more centimeter in diameter.
Milky Juice is important for the plant, since with its help, the ficus herself hears wounds and damage caused by people. For people, such juice can cause allergies.
With proper care, the ficus is annually able to grow by 40-50 centimeters. At home, the height of the plant can reach two meters. If the crown of the ficus rests on the ceiling, it can be cut, it will not damage the plant. Unfortunately, at home to wait for the growth of lateral shoots is quite difficult.
For the content of the ficus at home, porous fertile soil is required. To do this, the peat soil is purchased into which sand, nervous earth and humid leaves are added.
The optimal condition for its content is the bright diffused light. With a lack, the growth process slows down, and the loss of leaves may be observed. The plant feels well during the heat, the optimal temperature of its content is 24-27 degrees.
Ficus is much easier to transfers light drought than overvoltling. That is why watering the plant is necessary when the soil will dry into a depth of two or three fingers. As a rule, in the summer enough to water the ficus twice a week, and in the winter - once a week.
If the plant gets an excessive amount of water, it can reset the leaves.
Requirements for lighting
Like the preferential majority of indoor plants, the flick rubber prefers bright and scattered light. Straight sun rays cause burns on the leaves. The plant pretty easily tolerates light half, but in this case the growth rate will slightly slow down and it is likely that the lower leaves will fall.
What a pot need
Choosing a pot for the rubbing ficus, pay special attention to the material from which it is made, and the number of drainage holes. The best choice will be the capacity of high-quality plastic without harmful smell, which can be poisoning for a flower. In addition, the ficus itself grows in great and heavy, so the extra massiveness of the pot is nothing. Drainage holes should be enough, but not to be excess. Otherwise, moisture will leave too quickly, and the ficus will not have time to absorb her. Optimally choosing a new 5 cm pot larger in diameter than the previous one.
Ficus rubbing refers to the category of plants that are well transferred to the classical air temperature, which happens in each apartment: in summer from +20 to +25 degrees, and in winter - not lower than +15 degrees.
If a strong heat will be installed in the summer, the ficus is pretty easily transfers such inconvenience if the high temperature does not last long.
Very good, the plant reacts to spraying, especially in a hot summer. In summer, it is possible to spray foliage every day, and once a few weeks - wash with a wet sponge. Also once a month, the ficus washed with a warm shower, having previously closed with polyethylene.
In winter, instead of spraying, wiping leaves wet sponge use. In the cold season, it is impossible to put a plant near the sources of heating.
Undercaming and fertilizer
In the period of active growth (from April to October), the ficus is regularly feeding, alternating liquid mineral fertilizers and organic with a large amount of nitrogen.
For example, you can dissolve a teaspoon of nitroposki in a liter of pure water and pour the resulting ficus solution, pre-moistened by the soil. A few weeks later, the infusion of a cowboy is used as a fertilizer.
It is important to avoid falling fertilizer on the leaves and kidney of the plant.
Soil for ficus
Optimal substituent substrate for rubbing ficus:
- Sheet land;
- Nerd land;
- Peat earth;
- River sand.
All components are mixed in equal amounts.
In specialized stores you can purchase a finished earth mix for ficuses. It is also quite suitable for universal soil with a slight addition of sand.
If you want ficus leaves glossy and shiny, use special sprays or non-alcoholic beer for this.
Transplanting displacer rubcoming
Ficus at a young age needs to transplant every year. The optimal period is spring or the very beginning of summer. Adult plants can be transplanted once every two and even three years as the soil is depleted.
It is possible to determine that the soil requires a replacement, it is possible in the speed of water flowing into the pallet. If the moisture is quickly in the pallet, you should transplant the ficus into a new vase and a new substrate.
The volume of the new vase for the rubbing ficus should be five centimeters more than the previous one. If the plant is too old and transplant it is dangerous, it is necessary to change the upper layer of the soil in the depth of three centimeters to annually. When transplanting should be provided with a drainage layer. The transplant is carried out by transshipment.
Disgrace of rubbing ficus
As practice shows, this way to propagate the ficus, is doomed to fow. If you take his sheet and put into the water, then after a while he will let roots. Next, the process of planting it in the ground. Sheet itself is not able to give shoots. All that happens, applying this method, is a sheet with a root system without further transformation into a full ficus.
Reproduction of cuttings
This is the most reliable and simple method that allows you to get a young ficus plant. To do this, cut off the cutlets from the top of an adult ficus long from 10 to 15 centimeters. Clearance is important to perform an imagination. Next, the leaves are removed from the cutken, leaving a few top. The cutting should be rinsed well under the jet of water until the Milky Ficus juice stops. The process prepared in this way is pure water to form roots. Leaves left on a cut-out need to be folded and fixed. Thus, it is possible to slow down the process of evaporation of moisture from the plant.
Cuttings can also be immediately planted into the ground. Polyethylene put on top to the process. For better rooting, the cut place is treated with a growth stimulator, and the lower heating of the greenhouse is used.
Note: The process of rooting the cuttings of a ficus with monochromatic leaves is always successful, while the spelling plant species are rooted difficult.
Reproduction with chains
This method is most often used by the owners of precisely the dargeted types of ficus. For this, on the main trunk of an adult plant, it is necessary to perform an incision to the depth of one third thickness of the barrel. To avoid closure of edges of the outbreak, inside insert a match. The closed part of the plant is wrapped with moss-sphagnum, and from above - polyethylene. It is possible to secure the design with a scotch. When the roots appear, it is necessary to cut the escape slightly below the gag and fall into the ground.
The reproduction of the ficus sheet is inefficient. In the water, the sheet forms roots, but after planing in the soil, shoots do not appear.
Flowering and trimming of rubbing ficus
At home, Ficus rubbing does not bloom. The cropping of the ficus is carried out regularly and has completely specific objectives:
- Maintaining an attractive appearance of the plant;
- Growth restraint;
- Stimulation of the growth of lateral shoots.
To trim the plant competently and not damage it, it is necessary to carry out the procedure of early spring with the help of a new, sharp blade. Cropped top can be planted in the same vase. Juice that highlights the plant, you need to wash off with clean water.
If the cuttings remained after trimming, they can be rooted by receiving a new plant. To do this, they are cut under running water until the release of juice is stopped. Then the cuttings are planted in a pre-prepared soil (2 parts of sheet and turf, 1 h peat and 0.5 h of sand). The pot is covered with polyethylene and put in a warm place with a temperature of 24-32 0S. The rooting process last 3 weeks.
Formation and trimming crown of ficus
Sometimes the ficus grows a rather unsightly bush with one main stem. In order for the plant in the vason to be lush, it is necessary to immediately plant a few shoots and regularly turn the pot. If there is no possibility to plant a few plants, you can try two more ways to stimulate the growth of side shoots.
- Piercing the main stem to a depth equal to one third of the total diameter of the stem. The first puncture is performed in the upper part of the trunk, then you can make a few more punctures below.
- Pickup of ficus tilted down and fixed in this way. The kidney, which appeared above the rest, will certainly begin to grow. When side shoots appear, the plant can be returned to the usual position.
For giving the flower of a beautiful appearance, efforts and time will be needed. Ficus himself does not release side shoots. Creating a crown with the help of a richness is possible when the plant will grow into a height of 1-1.5 m. Two years later, side shoots will be formed on it, which also require cutting. For their uniform growth, the pot with a plant sometimes turn.
Diseases and pests
In general, the ficus is resistant to diseases and pests. In some cases, panels and a web tick can appear. To combat insects, a well-proven folk method is used: infusion of tobacco dust. The leaves wash the leaves and wash off with clean water in a few hours. You can also use chemical preparations.
The best prophylactic measure is to maintain the purity of the leaves, regular spraying and water procedures.
Pests that can harm the rubcoming ficus:
- Nematodes - They can get culture in a greenhouse. The nodules on the roots may indicate the presence of this pest. Infected bush better throw away.
- Mealybug - He speaks of a raid on the leaves, reminding wool lumps.
- Shield, white bar - From them, leaves become sticky.
- Tripses - Empties appear on the leaves.
- Cobed tick - It often starts from lack of moisture and high temperatures.
Flower on note
Why ficus rubbing drops leaves or why fall leaves? An adult plant resets the bottom leaves, this is a natural process. If young leaflets begged, there may be several reasons:
- Excessively wet soil;
- Insufficient watering;
- Sharp change of temperature regime;
- Lack of light.
Why yellow leaves of a scatter ficus? Because the conditions of its content and the rules of care are violated. Actually, usually the leaves are first yellow, and then fall, and the reasons for a sudden decideline are listed in the previous section. But there are other factors forcing the plant to change the color of the leaves:
- An excess fertilizer in the ground - it is possible to fix it by flushing the substrate by upper watering the amount of water equal to the triple volume of the pot with ficus. After this procedure, do not feed the plant for two months;
- Too much salts in the substrate. In this case, only the transplantation of plants in the new soil will save;
- too big to plant pot
- Pereure the plant to a smaller container;
- Range system rotting - if it smells like a rotten, you will have to remove the plant from the pot, remove rotting roots and transplanted in fresh soil. If not too late.
Why not growing? There may be three reasons: the ficus is not enough light, there is not enough nutrition or it has become too crazy a pot. Correct the errors, and it will begin to grow not by day, but by the hour.
Harm and the benefits of rubber ficus
No harm to the health of a person's ficus does not cause. But in the benefits of the plant do not doubt. It has been established that the ficus contributes to the purification of air indoors, processing harmful substances into safe amino acids and sugars.
There is also an opinion that the plant can clean the energy of the room, absorbing anger and hatred streams. Often families where there are no children, they advise you to put a ficus in the house.
In the recipes of traditional medicine, leaves and juice of the plant are often found. It is used to treat cancer tumors, misa, fibromes of uterus, arthritis, radiculitis and osteochondrosis.
Ficus rubbing love with many flowers for unpretentious character. To grow at home a symbol of well-being, it is enough to choose an eastern or northern window for it, avoid sharp temperature drops. So that the leaves have retained their rich green shade and not the wishes, it is important to dry the soil between watering and regularly feed the ficus. The plant should be transplanted once every two years and cut the bush, forming a beautiful, lush crown.
Signs and superstition
Each people have their own signs and superstitions about ficuses. Most of them are promised by the owner exclusively good luck and prosperity for his family. It is believed that the ficus purifies any room from negative energy, increases the vital tone of the inhabitants of the house. Even scientists say about the benefits of ficuses. According to research, these plants are an excellent filter for air purification.
For a long story The set will take about the ficuses, here are the most common of them:
- Spontaneous purchase of a ficus is a precursor of positive news.
- Ficus received as a gift will bring joy and good luck with him.
- Even the smallest plant can drive evil spirits from the dwelling.
- Ficus is often given to newlyweds to the wedding, he will be a pledge of a strong family.
- The sprout of the ficus, donated with a married woman for unmarried, will help the latter in the near future successfully married.
- If the ficus appeared process, it means that you can soon expect addition to the family.
- The flower in the bedroom improves the quality of the intimate life of the spouses, brings them closer and protects against family conflicts.
- Ficus, delivered in the kitchen, will protect against needs and hunger.
- Flowering ficus - a huge luck for the family. This means the speedy approximation of happy events.
There are also negative superstitions about ficuses, Especially they took root from the Slavic peoples. The historical reasons for such a relationship to the plant are unknown, but to poor signs listen to this day.
- If you give to someone a home plant completely, the family will lose well-being.
- Slavs are often called Ficus "Musicon", it is believed that after the appearance of such a plant in the house in a short time, a man will leave the family.
- The flower suddenly blackened and brought it - this is a warning about bad news.
- You can not rearrange the ficus from place to place, otherwise there will be no constancy in the family.
- The thrown plant will bring a divorce or widow.
But over time, the superstitions have become much softer. If earlier the ancestors were extremely negatively related to ficuses, now such plants can be found in almost every home.
Effect on pregnancy
Ficuses are considered extremely useful for couples who want to make a child. The plant brings to the house positive energy, so it will help get rid of many diseases of the reproductive system. The flower will help get pregnant if you follow some rules:
- It is necessary to take the ficus sprout at the family, where there are already children.
- You need to take care of the plant and talk to him.
- Better, if outsiders will not touch the flower.
In addition, it is believed that Ficus is able to help preserve the health of the mother and the child throughout the pregnancy. The best properties have a presented flower, especially a person with a good aura.
What does this flower mean for different peoples
The attitude and interpretation of the ficus value is different in each country. For example:
- For Thais Ficus Benjamin is an official state symbol.
- In China This plant is considered a powerful faith from evil and negative energy.
For most peoples, the ficus is a symbol of wealth and well-being. There is no single opinion on this score, so everyone decides, what to believe in.
Where to locate
According to the signs, it is necessary to refer to the ficus, so it is necessary to put it on a prominent place. But so that the plant brings great benefits, it is important to arrange it in the house. The ancient Chinese teaching of Feng Shui recommends placing ficuses in the southeastern part of the dwelling, it is put in a room where the home owners most often take guests. It is in such a place that the flower will create the most favorable atmosphere.
We must not forget about the biological needs of plants. The conditions of detention for different species are somewhat different, but mostly ficuses:
- love bright scattered light;
- Do not endure drafts.
Where should stand
The ficus action will be directly dependent on the place where the owner will put it. It is advisable to find a permanent location for the plant and without extreme need to move it. People who wish to get rid of insomnia, problems with the second half or have a child, should put the plant in the bedroom to the headboard.
Where is not recommended to put
- In the very center of the room, it will help to avoid quarrels in the family.
- In the bathroom, toilet or next to them - such places contribute to the "prediction" of well-being and money.
- Too close to other colors - a ficus may not have enough space, and it will quickly start.
A plant located in the room where members of the whole family are most often assembled together, will have a beneficial effect on all. Such a room can be a living room. But people with bad intentions and evil will bypass the dwelling side.
Good or bad place in the bedroom
Attitude towards whether it is possible to put a plant in the bedroom, people are extremely ambiguous. Some strongly recommend putting the flower in the bedroom, others on the contrary advise to keep it as far as possible from the sleep site. If not listen to the signs and superstitions, From a physiological point of view, ficuses can harm the person only in the following cases:
- Astmatics and people having problems with the respiratory system are not recommended to put a rubbing ficus in bed.
- Plants of large sizes with insufficient care accumulates on their leaves a lot of dust, and this can also negatively affect human health.
- Those types of ficuses that have the smell, specialists are not recommended to put in the bedroom, as the quality of sleep in sensitive people can deteriorate significantly.
For small rooms, it is best to choose low varieties of ficuses, such as Benjamin.
What brings flower
Doving with good intentions Ficus will bring to his future owner only benefit, but much will depend on the nature of the well-tailed.
- If a person believes in negative superstitions associated with this plant, he may not like the gift.
- People, far from receiving, the flower can also like it, because all the varieties of fikuses are very beautiful.
They are often used simply to decorate the interior, without thinking about any special properties of the plant. Therefore, if a person has no allergies, and he loves indoor flowers, Ficus will become an excellent gift for him.
For example, In China, people believe that the ficus should be in every home . They give these plants to newlyweds, on housewarming and any other holidays. This is considered a special gift, which means that a person who gave him wishes only happiness and well-being.
In the rubbone ficus there are many different varieties that have more compact sizes compared to a natural variety. The most common are the following types:
- Robusta - unpretentious appearance, has wide green leaves;
- Belize - It has a three-color color of the leaves (white-pink edges with a green center), is demanding of lighting compared to the Robust variety;
- Abidjan - Dark burgundy leaves, the plant is unpretentious;
- Tineke - The leaves have irregular spots of white and green shade. The plant is more capricious, so for the ficus of rubber care at home should be observed so that brown spots do not appear on the bright areas of the leaves;
- Melanie. - the grade has small (up to 20 cm) the leaves of dark green color, often loves and unpretentious in care;
- Varietary - It has light and filament leaves with bright divorces;
- Black Prince - unpretentious plant with dark leaves.
The result is short
Depending on the species, the leaves of the ficus can be monophonic or motley, with white, yellowish or reddish splashes.
It is necessary to care for the plant:
- Place the ficus on a well-lit, but protected from direct sunlight place. The flower tolerates well and halftime, however, in this case it will grow much slower.
- Observe the temperature mode. It is simple: the standard dwelling temperature is 18-26 degrees - optimal for the growth and development of ficus. In winter, it can be slightly cooler, but not lower than 15 degrees. Heat Ficus will also be fine, provided that it will not be delayed for a long time.
- Water flower 1-2 times a week. The signal to the watering will be the dried upper layer of the soil. In winter, you can restrict ourselves to one watering in 7-10 days.
- Welcome the room. Ficus loves fresh air, so open the windows more often. In summer, the plant can be taken to the balcony or garden.
- Feat the flower in the spring and summer period once every 2 weeks. For feeding, it is suitable for mineral and organic compositions with a high content of nitrogen.
- Periodically wipe the leaves of the ficus with a soft wet cloth to free upstarts, improve breathing and photosynthesis.
To give the shape of Crown Fikus, it should be regularly rotated around its axis, and also pinch the top of the stem - this will give an incentive to the plant branch and not reset the leaves at the bottom of the trunk.
It is believed that the Ficus rubbing improves the energy of the house and the emotional state of people living there. Is it so, let esoterica disassemble. But the fact that it purifies air is actively absorbed by formaldehyde, highlighting oxygen, phytoncides - is proved by science. And so that the flower is beautiful and healthy, the owners must take care, especially since growing it easy.
Characteristic and description
Ficus Elastics (Ficus Elastica) - a large evergreen tree from the genus Ficus, living on the Islands of the Malay Archipelago, Northeast India (Assam), in Nepal, Bhutan.
The species begins life in wet, shady, wetlands like epiphyte, produces numerous air roots, over time turns into a giant banyan with a size of 30 (up to 50) m. Industrial rubber space.
When growing in a greenhouse or urban apartment, the height is constrained only the ceiling, the size of the pot, the length of the intercouss - what they are shorter, the slower the tree will grow. Ficus rubcoming when leaving at home can live in a tub of up to 50 years, so that age to limiting factors can only be attributed to conditionally.
Peppercut forms have a short century. Wait for them to decorate an apartment for decades, not worth it. In order not to lose the grade, you need to root in time.
Fruits - Siconia, in nature appear on the 20-year-old rush with a rubbing ficus. At home, it will not get them, occasionally bloom occurs in large tropical greenhouses.
The trunk of elastics is straight, lately decides, with soft wood, contains up to 15% rubber. In culture, young ficuses grow rapidly, but reluctantly release side shoots. To give them a shape of a branched tree, special methods are used, the most common - trimming of the crown. Bonsai from the rubbing ficus will not work - too big barrel and leaves.
The root system of elastics is powerful, but the processes are inclined to write on the surface in an adult plant. In order not to overheat, they fall asleep the earth, the low-spirited flowers are attached to the tub, they are covered with sphagnum.
Sheet plate of rubber-axis ficus, large - up to 20-30 cm long with a width of 10-20 cm. The color of them in the species plant is dark green on the front side, with turns - noticeably lighter. Form - oval with a short sharp tip, drawn down.
The life of each shear of elastics with good care - 3-4 years. Then they are aging and falling naturally.
Mature plates are dense, leathery, brilliant, young pinkish-brown, before disclosure, rolled up with a tube and wrapped with a reddish, fast-falling strip.
The central vein is thick, convex on both sides. Its width at the base can reach 1 cm.
Rubbone ficus varieties with short interstices grow slowly. Among the cultivars there are characterized by a shade of dark plates and the color of the middle veil, with the motley leaves. Names of popular elastics varieties:
- Black Prince;
Ficus Elastics: Home Care
This is one of the most persistent, easy to leaving indoor plants. If you correctly place the flower, observe in all moderation, there will be no problems. Culture often suffers from excessive care of the hosts, but a negligent relationship or deviations from the rules of agrotechnikov does not forgive - if the leaves begin to turn yellow and flip over the deadline, it will not be possible to restore decorativeness.
After the purchase
Care for Ficus rubbing at home begins with quarantine. The plant put away from other indoor colors for 2 weeks so that pests or illnesses not identified during the purchase did not set up the entire collection.
Then they look, whether the elastics need to transplant. If it grows in the usual substrate, focus on the roots and season. From the transport container filled with a clean peat in the spring, at the end of winter or the beginning of the summer, the flick rubbing is moved immediately after quarantine. In other cases, it is better to wait for more suitable time.
An immediate transplant signal serve:
- overly born, almost completely crowded the ground root;
- Successful, saline, poorly smelling substrate;
- transmitted due to peat peat;
- detected soil pests;
- rotting root of ficus;
- Inability to ensure a plant during the relative rest period, careful care.
The peat used for transportation has a number of shortcomings, and the fact that it practically does not contain beneficial substances is not the main one. The substrate at the first tube hardens, it is very difficult to moisten it. On the other hand, when the overlapping, it delays water for a long time, stops passing the air. This is especially dangerous for elastics in the fall and winter.
Lighting and temperature
Ficus rubber can grow in a rather wide range of temperatures. Feels most comfortable:
- In the summer - at 18-23 ° C, it withstands up to 30 ° C, after the mark of 35 ° C, stagnation begins (temporary growth of growth);
- In winter - 16-18 ° C, the minimum temperature of the elastic content with dark plates - 12 ° C, withstands a short-term decline of up to 5 ° C, but it may lose part of the leaves.
Various heat varieties need more. The rest period of the elastics is poorly expressed, so the plant, if you provide good care, it may well be winter at ordinary room temperature.
The choice of place depends on the color of the leaves of the rubbing ficus. The more white, yellow or pink plots on them, the solar should be position. But the light is not needed direct, but a scattered, at noon is needed protection, for example, a light curtain.
In the volatile forms, light coloring in a half is changing the green, but does not leave at all. From this they look untidy or sick. When improving lighting decorative returns.
Elastic fakes with smooth-colored windows leaves are not suitable, they must be located from them at least 20 cm, and with southern orientation - at a distance of 1 m. Such varieties like Burgundy, a black prince, Abidjan, Robusta, can stand in the depths of the apartment, but without The minimum backlight of the plate will become dark green, wine, beet or close to black shades "lost".
Watering and humidity
Elastic grade is less demanding of air humidity than Ficus Benjamin. It can be sprayed with warm soft water once a week. Such care is likely to do not lead to a deterioration in the health of the plant, but it is capable of attracting pawite ticks.
Making a spraying ficus more often needed:
- with warm wintering;
- during the heat;
- After mooring the soil when the watering is minimized.
It is useful from time to time to bathe elastics under the warm shower. Wipe the plate wet rag should be the usual element of care.
Interestingly, the leaves of the rubbing ficus are not just "collecting" dust. They hold it without giving spill around the room.
Watering make after the upper layer of the soil will dry:
- pots - by 2-3 cm;
- Tanks - up to 5.
For ficus, elastics use it is recommended warm soft water. The plumbing is settled in an open vessel at least 12 hours, drained with a precipitate. The rigid is preliminarily softened, for example, a teaspoon of table vinegar is added to 3 liters.
The correct watering of the ficuses can do not know all the flower products, but it is very important. Step-by-step instructions for soil moisturizing:
- Check the water temperature. If it is too cool, you can simply add a few hot fluid.
- The thin jet is slowly wetting the surface of the substrate in the pot with a rubbing ficus.
- Make a small break. At this time, you can start watering other flowers.
- Pour water until the liquid sticks out through drainage holes.
- Leave for 30 minutes.
- Remove excess water. From the pallet, it is easy to remove it with a fringe.
If, when leaving for ficus, the elastics happened short-term overflow or a short substrate punching, an adult tree is hardly affected. But it is better to do this. For recently rooted cuttings, young or just transplanted plants are unacceptable. For them, it is generally necessary to care more carefully.
It is better to use specialized fertilizers for ficuses and palm trees. In the extreme case, the elastics can be taken intended for decorative and deciduous plants.
Professionals, such as the hosts of nurseries or seating standards, can make feeding. They usually have a large set of fertilizers, and the shortage of one or another unit of nutrition, people who are constantly working with plants are determined at first glance.
Ficus Elastics from April to September inclusively feed every 2 weeks. Once a month it feels:
- with warm wintering;
- in the transitional period (March and October);
- When they want to artificially limit growth and slow down the development of wood.
If the ficus contains at a temperature of a temperature close to 15 ° C or lower, the feeders do not contribute at all.
Rubbone Ficus Change at Home
An important element of the care of indoor plants is a transplant. For types with large leaves: Lovoid, rubbing, correctly determine the time - it means to maintain decorativeness and prevent premature flaws of the plates.
How to find out that the ficus is time to transplant
If the elastica for some reason did not care the roots of the earthen command completely, the movement of it into a new pot does not make sense. The signal to the transplant is:
- growth delay in good care;
- The leaves are minced, even though the plant is regularly faded;
- The substrate dries too fast;
- The roots of the elastics completely neglected the com and outed most of the land;
- The processes are knocked out through the drainage hole.
Emergency (unscheduled, independent of the season) the transplant is made when the rubbing fountain should urgently save:
- Soil Zakis smells badly;
- soil pests were found;
- The surface of the substrate and the walls of the pot were covered with a white chain - it is salt due to irrigated water wheels;
- Roots root;
- Landing in "wrong" soil is alkaline or too sour.
Which pot is needed for a scattering ficus
The material and volume of the container is of great importance. Only if they are chosen correctly, the ficus elastic in care does not deliver problems:
- In too small pot there is no place for a sufficient number of substrate, therefore, moisture and nutrients are not delayed;
- The soil will scatter in a large capacity, rubcoming ficus will cease growth until the whole com will turn the roots;
- The beautiful container is often impenetrable for water and air, it is better to use it as a cachep, and the elastics can be put in a pot forward;
- The lack of drainage holes even in experienced flower flows often leads to a mooring and reinforcement of the root of a rubber ficus.
The capacity of the standard shape should be selected, with a diameter of 2-3 cm more than the former, from conventional plastic or unlawed clay.
If there is no beautiful porridge, the pot can be decorated with independently - jut, twisted cords, or other materials combined by style with the interior of the apartment.
Methods of transplant
How to move the ficus of elastics to a new pot depends primarily on the state of the root system. Culture does not like it once again disturbed or injured.
First choose the type of transplant, and only then proceed to the operation:
- Turning. When caring for all fakes, including rubbing, preference should be given to this method. Elastics get out of the pot, remove the remains of the old clay, exempt the part of the lower and side roots, plant in a fresh substrate. Drainage should be 1/5 of the volume of the container.
- Transfer. The soil is changed in whole or in part, if something is wrong with the soil or the root system of the ficus. For example, she began to rot, and the affected processes need to be cleaned.
- Replacing the upper layer. It is produced to a depth of 5 cm in old perfection instances or in bulk pots, where several large elastic ficuses grow.
Up to 3 years of age, the transplant is made annually in the spring. Then - at the beginning of each second or third season of vegetation.
Seed reproduction of all types of ficuses, including rubbing, difficult. The planting material is difficult to get, and the seeds must be recently fresh.
The sheet quickly gives roots, which is often shown in the photo and video. But it contains not enough genetic material, to release the stem and it will not be able to become a full-fledged plant. If the plate escapes drying or posting, will live letters, pleases and die.
Amateurs Ficus Elastics Split:
- The rooting of the top cuttings remaining after trimming. They are put into the water, plant perts, peat with sand or other light substrate. Roots will appear in 3-4 weeks.
- The semi-restless knot is specifically damaged, covered with wet sphagnum and cellophane after processing with a stimulant. When the roots become clearly visible, fill the entire volume, cut off and transplant the branch.
- Mass reproduction of elastics is possible by pieces of stem with one sheet. They are immediately placed in the ground for a ficus with sand or perlite (1: 1).
It is believed that the rooting was successful when a new plate appears, or reset the shell did not have time to disclose before the operation began.
Formation and cropping
Young rubbing ficus in pot culture branches reluctantly. Self-side shoots, he can give when it reaches large, and even without warranty.
The easiest way to get new processes from the type of elasta is to trim the tops. The operation is carried out at the beginning of the growing season when the ficus is ready for active growth. Scrolls are made by 5-10 mm above the selected node, the garden harness is lubricated or sprinkled with crowded activated coal.
Read more about the formation and trimming of the rubbone ficus read here.
If you put a few identical elasta fakes in a large pot, forming trimming is not needed. First, the composition will look like a beautiful thick bush, then turn into the original largest.
Prevention and treatment of diseases, pests
Rubbone fiber initially has good health, rarely exposed to insects. Best prevention is the right placement, regular care, lack of drafts or overflows. And, of course, quarantine for all new colors.
In order to identify the problem in time and immediately begin to treat elastics, barrel, leaves on both sides, and especially the place of fastening the cutting to run, you need to regularly inspect.
Typical pests of rubber ficus are considered:
- web tick;
Of the disease, the greatest danger is rotated caused by overflow, especially at low temperatures. At the exhibited on the street of elastics, depending on the neighborhood, a sage mushroom or a torpid dew appears.
With pests, they are struggling insecticides, more often used accuters. Diseases are treated with appropriate fungicides if they are caused by rot, additionally adjust the watering.
Care for rubbing ficuses is simple and does not take much time. The main thing is to correctly arrange and not to transfer the pot from place to place. Culture requirements in culture are very moderate, perform them easily.
It was a turn of a dishellion of a rubber or him else called Elastics. We fully studied His features, how to care for it, what kinds there are and what benefits or harm it can bring.
We have already told about one type of ficus - Ficus Lirat: how to choose and how to care for. Now the turn of the ficus of rubber or it is also called elastics. We fully studied it features and are now ready to share knowledge with you, how to care for it, what kinds of and what benefits or harm it can bring.
Signs associated with ficus rubbing
Ficus Elastic, or rubbing - indoor flower comes from the tropics. It is known thanks to large and dense decorative leaves and its Soviet past.
The most unpretentious grade of this type of ficuses - Robusta was in the old era in almost every apartment of a secured family. With this other varieties of a flower, people associated unique signs and attributed to him different folk names, rather contradictory. Here are a few examples, as the ficus is called.
- Symbol of financial success
- Bourgeoisie flower (so called him after the notable October revolution)
- Symbol of statehood (in Thailand)
- Family Talisman
- And at the same time the flower, which "distilts" men from the unmarried girl, inflates the scandals.
Interestingly, the bad qualities of the ficus attributed our ancestors to Slavs. But a lot of good, however, they talk about it in the east.
A more specific explanation of the role of ficus in homes gives science. About it - on.
Good and bad features of ficus: scientific view
Ficuses belong to the Family Family. His most famous relatives in this family is a healing fig, a mulberry, breadwinner (!) And many other southern trees and shrubs, the necessary person.
Why did we remember about the trees? In his homeland - in India, Indonesia, Nepal - Ficus Rubbone - this is a graceful tree, high (up to 40 meters), evergreen, with shiny and dense elongated leaves.
From the hanging roots of ficus in some Indian states make live transport bridges.
Outside the tropics, more compact decorative trees and flowers for offices, halls and apartments are displayed. New varieties of this plant often come to us from Netherlands. .
Low homemade varieties of ficus adopted wild ancestor features - powerful air roots, elegant thick leaves. Some of them remain a beautiful foliage all year round, separate views are abundantly branched.
More about benefit and harm
Large leaves of ficus purify and enriches air oxygen. It is noticed that at the same time they absorb the fluids of anxiety, "clean" the energy of the house.
Perhaps thanks to these properties on some old beliefs, the plant recommended putting in the married bedroom as a talisman.
Negative properties that our ancestors are attributed to the ficus, it is also theoretically to explain.
The juice of the rubber ficus contains raw materials for the production of rubber - rubber. Some of its cultural species also allocate the "rubber" liquid.
Rubber is able to cause dermatitis and allergies, annoying the respiratory organs. Because rubbing varieties can be dangerous in such cases:
- If there are asthmatics in the house
- If a small child or a pet is getting to the plant.
In any case, so that Ficus gives only aesthetic pleasure and does not "grieve", carrying out caring procedures and pruning the plants in gloves.
And remember - the correct selected variety of the ficus will pleasantly transform your home.
About different varieties say more details.
Robusta. / Robusta
This is one of the most popular ficuses. It is a room tree with a wide stem and thick dark green leaves. Its leaves grow up to 30 cm, have a swept tip.
The name of the variety is associated with English Word Robust. (Strong, massive ). It is characteristic that with any trimming it always stretches up and grows greatly to height, up to 2 meters and above.
Robusta is one of the first bred varieties of ficus, and is grown for more than a hundred years. It was his most likely to remember in the old interior of a grandmother's apartment. Maximum harmonious, he is a homely tree looks in a classic spacious living room or a large office.
Although Ficus Robust is not distinguished by special aesthetic qualities, he has many special advantages.
- This variety of ficus is better than the rest of the air and kills the bacteria, and in the apartments of industrial centers it is almost indispensable.
- At the same time, Ficus Robusta is unpretentious, hardy and "experiencing" the temporary inattention of the owners.
- Plus, in Chinese believe, he cleans aura. Speaking by the language of psychologists, he removes emotional tension. That is, in the offices, this is what you need!
Tineke / Tineke
Ficus Tineke is a similar variety, tall and strong, with the same large (up to 30 cm) and elegant leaves.
This variety is from Indian and Indonesian subtropics, many decades are cultivated with us, and grows at home up to 2 m.
The color of the leaves is the highlight of Tineke Fikuses. In the middle of the sheet plate is clearly visible cream or pink thick vein. The edge of each sheet is also decorated with elegant cream or pistachio border.
But taking into account - the leaves of this ficus are growing abundantly and retrivest coloring only if the plant gets enough moisture. The plant is beautiful and capricious at the same time!
- Thanks to the unusual light Crown, Tineke looks advantageously in a minimalistic fresh interior, in comparison with the classic dark green ficus.
- In this case, the crown of the tree can be made lush. When trimming the upper escape, side sprigs will grow.
- Ficus Tineneke is a home flower that brings well-being in the family.
Melany / Melani.
This variety differs markedly from the previous ones. Ficus melanie is the lowest, rather dark, go well.
This ficus was bred by Dutch breeders and combined beauty and compactness.
In young age, the plant has an unusual reddish shade of leaves, which changes on dark green. Adult ficus leaves - thick and glossy, up to 15 cm long. The back side of the sheet plate is olive, with red streaks, rough.
As the Ficus melanie increases several shoots, while the height does not exceed the mark of 30-50 cm. With proper care, the bustice retains the magnification and stands out beautifully in the interior. But he, like the militant elegant colors, requires attention!
This variety is especially suitable for small rooms, and if you want to create a garden on the windowsill.
Kostik Melanie well transfers trimming, suitable for experiments with the formation of the crown.
Black Prince / Black Prince
The next in the list is popular indoor ficus even more original. His shoots and leaves, as it is clear from the title, are very dark, almost black color.
The black prince grows in India, Indonesia, West Africa, and in wilderness reaches 40 meters in height.
The color of the leaves of the plant changes during the day, why in residential interiors the prince looks particularly mysterious. He usually gets black in the late afternoon.
Length of sheet plates - from 15 to 25 cm. At the same time, the round the form of the leaves is another highlight of the variety.
In a room with high ceilings, this instance grows high and strokes stroke. Harmonious it will look in the bright and spacious ethnic interior, the hall, homely greenhouse.
- Ficus the black prince is unpretentious and captivated in any apartment. The only "but" - with the lack of lighting, it will slowly grow and reluctantly let the leaves.
- Plus, this variety can decorate the garden, since it is suitable for open soil.
- Black Prince can "make" new young shoots. For this, the target is pierced by a third needle thickness.
Abidjan / Abidjan
Abidjan is another unusual and unpretentious ficus from Asian tropics, which also looks like a dark mysterious guest.
The color of young foliage close to the red, and in adult age, the red shade remains on the back side.
Adult abidzhan leaf - matte, dark green with yellow veins, elongated, up to 25 cm long. Ficus itself most often grows to 1.5 meters, has a main powerful stem of several elegant shoots that form the crown.
In general, this is a tree - a noncainting migranet. He loves warmth and moisture, but adapts to any conditions.
At the same time, due to proper trimming, it is possible to improve the decorative features of the plant. Plus it is very desirable to provide him with regular, but moderate watering.
Ficus Care Rules Elastics
Indoor rubbing ficuses are the ancestors of one plant, and when leaving for any variety, you should adhere to the general rules. Especially these rules should be maintained in relation to the volatile ficuses, with expressive decorative properties.
Where to place Ficus
Rubbone ficus will definitely love a place where much heat and light at least 6 hours a day (that is, conditions close to the tropics are created!).
However, all household grades of the plant react poorly to direct sunlight, because of this, burns even appear on the leaves.
Place for ficus It is worth choosing according to these principles:
- Ideally - near the window on the southwest side, be sure to access natural light
- In this place there should be no draft
- and it is better that windows be covered with light curtains
- In the summer, the tree will perfectly feel on the balcony, loggia, veranda.
It is only important to monitor the state of the plant: if the leaves of the ficus are yellow and fall out - most likely, it suffers from cold or drafts.
Best of all, different varieties of elasta ficus feel at a temperature in the range of + 18 ° - + 25 °.
In winter, the plant is well adapted to the coolness. Ideal temperatures for ficus in winter: + 15 ° - + 17 °. But at lower marks, he loses the leaves.
Ficus loves moderate moisture and spraying.
If the tips of the leaves dry - this is a sign that the air is too dry for the tree. In this case, you can put a container with water next to the plant.
Periodically, the ficus is useful to spray with warm water, estimated or filtered. In hot weather, this procedure is recommended daily.
Watering and feeding plants
Approximate irregular frequency: in summer - 2 times a week, in winter - 1 time. However, it is always important to ensure that the land in the pot is wet.
For irrigation, it is best to use resistant, tama or filtered water. Excess water must be drained through the pallet.
In addition, the plant is useful periodically (from March to September) to feed comprehensive fertilizers with a nitrogen content, given the state of escape.
Explicit signs of nutritional shortness: a tree drops large leaves, new grow small, growth slows down. After the correct feeding, the ficus "comes to life" becomes more lush.
How to transplant Ficus
Replanting a tropical guest is necessary in such cases:
- a week after purchase (since he needs a special soil mixture)
- When the tree grows out of the old pot.
Another reason for transplanting a ficus - soil gives him its nutrients.
The young plant must be replanted every year, at the old minor - much less often, if necessary.
In the choice of pot there is one nuance - the container should not be too big. If the ficus acquires the opportunity to freely start the roots, the ground part develops weakly.
When transplanting a ficus, it is important to perform several conditions.
- Choose a pot that is slightly wider and 5-6 cm deeper than the same.
- Prepare drainage (for example, from ceraminta).
- Pick up or make a suitable mixture. The land for ficus should contain peat, sand, turf, and deciduous humus. If you use a universal substrate, it is desirable to add river sand to it.
- Press the plant is necessary with a lore land, and tightly fill the new tank with soil.
- After the transplant, it is important to compact the land and pour a tree.
Trimming a home tree of a ficus is carried out at the end of winter or in spring and allows you to solve 2 tasks:
- to shorten the main and (if necessary) side shoots
- Shape the crown.
Be sure to cut down the shoots on which there are sick leaves, and those that bend inside the bush.
To carry out the procedure, a sharp tool is protected by alcohol. In an adult plant, the shoots are truncated by 10-15 cm (or so that 6-9 intersals remain on the cutken).
The cuttings themselves can use for breeding new plants. About it - on.
Reproduction of rubbing (elastic) ficus
It is possible to propagate the ficus with the help of air messengers, leaf plates or cuttings. Since the top cuttings are cut under regular trimming, let's say more about the third method.
By the way, the shilling is the easiest and most optimal way to breed a classic ficus.
The procedure includes such steps
- With a planned trim, the top handle must be cut under the oblique angle. It should be 10-15 cm.
- From the location of the cut, juice is necessarily washed.
- Next, you can act in one of two ways: leave a cutlets in water with charcoal, so that it can be rooted, or processed the cut from the fungus and immediately put it in a peat mixture or peat bottle. It is possible to root it and next to the "maternal" tree to create a lush bush.
- New sprout need to pour.
- After landing, the container is useful to tighten with the film. The greenhouse and heating from the radiator will stimulate the formation of new roots.
- A month after the transplanting is to begin feeding the plant.
Protection of ficus from pests and diseases
The main pest of the decorative ficus - the shield. The sticky substance on the leaves of the ficus, the smell of rot - the main signs of its presence.
In addition, the plant may affect the trips, a web tick, a torment Cherver. The main harm from most parasitizing insects - they suck the juice of the plant, leave a brown or brown flare on the leaves. TRIPS carry dangerous diseases.
To combat the shield and other parasites, a simple people's method is effective, the essence of which is to simply periodically wipe the leaves and the stem of the trees with a solution of economic soap. In addition, it can be done for the plant "soap" shower. It is desirable to protect the soil from the solution (for example, with the film).
A solution with the addition of technical soap and a washing powder is used from pawnic ticks and worm. And for the treatment of noticeable infesses, insecticides are needed (such as "accommodation").
If you choose the best fountain for yourself and take care of him, it will bring beauty, peace and joy to the house. We wish you that your favorite flowers show only their best sides!
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Ficus, indoor plants
Ficus rubbing or elastic (lat. Ficus Elastica) refers to the genus Ficus in the Film Family. The birthplace of this plant is Indonesia. It is called a rubber ficus, as its cellular juice is very thick due to the content of a large amount of rubber (it is used in the technology of industrial rubber production). In the homeland of the elasta ficus and in India, Buddhists are His, as a holy type of plant.
Rod Ficus combines many different species, but it is a rubbing ficus that has gained great popularity in the flower flows of the whole world. It is curious that in the twentieth century, the attitude towards this flower has changed dramatically: all amateurs-flower waterways, who were fond of growing the scurrous fruit, began to accuse in the absence of taste. This plant genus was for a long time was devoted to oblivion, while flowerflowers from the Netherlands again did not make it popular.
Brief description of the peculiarities of cultivation
Below are some conditions necessary for the normal growing elasta ficus.
- Purpose. It is cultivated as a decorative-deciduous plant.
- Requirement for illumination. The place where the flux grows is growing, should be covered with bright scattered light. Easy shading is also allowed.
- Temperature preferences. During the growing season, the temperature background is required to be maintained within 21-24 degrees, and during the winter period the thermometer should show 16-19 degrees Celsius.
- Irrigation. In the warm season of the year it is necessary to water the culture 1-2 times a week, and in the winter - weekly.
- Air humidity. Rubber ficus grow well and develops with high humidity. In this regard, in the summer, the bushes are required to be regularly moistened by sprayer. In addition, it is necessary to wipe the dust weekly, settled on the leaves. To do this, use a wet soft cloth.
- Fertilizer system. With the onset of April, it is necessary to begin to hold the ficus of the rubber squint. Such procedures are carried out once every 2 weeks. As fertilizers are used both organic and mineral fertilizers. These types of fertilizers are recommended to alternate.
- What time frame is the plant in the rest of the rest? During the period, Ficus Elastics enters annually in October and in such a state the plant is up to March.
- Transfer. The young rustic kit desirable bushes should be transferred annually from May 6 to June 13. Adult trees and shrubs just transplant once every three years. Old bushes are not transplanted, and instead of this procedure, each year is replaced by the upper layer of the soil under plants.
- How to breed? Modifying a similar plant can be done with the help of gods or by shifting.
- Pest culture. In the list of insects that are able to harm the elastic ficus include:
- Cherberry torment;
- Cleaning tick.
- Common diseases. In the process of cultivation, the culture can be infected with the following diseases:
- sage fungus;
- rot root;
- Properties. In the cellular juice of such a ficus there are poisonous compounds.
Under wildlife, the ficus rubber is represented by trees and shrubs that rise above the ground level by 30 meters. In addition, this plant is strongly divided into width due to air roots, which descend from height, from the trunk and branches, riser to the ground. Due to the air root, the ficus elasta is additionally supplied with nutrition elements and gets a bunciful form that local residents refer to the "banyan" or "snake tree".
Sheet plates in the ficus huge, leathery, intense green colors. The form of their elliptical, with a sharper on the top. On the branches, leafy plates are located alternately. While the leaves are young, they are covered with red-brown strips, which, after full of leaf breaking, quickly dry and fly away.
Fikus flowers in decorative plan do not have any value, because they are not cute. The formation occurs only in pollution insects, which is rather problematic when growing in room conditions. Only adult bushes growing in the Bolshoy Winter Garden can enter the flowering phase.
The fruit of the fragmentary ficus is made in the form of a spherical siconium, reaching in diameter 1 cm. With a careful consideration of the fetus, it is possible to detect its remote similarity with small figs.
Until recent times, such ficuses were grown exclusively for production from its Milky Juice of Rubber. In the case of a cellular ficus juice, a strong allergic irritation or dermatitis occurs. A similar unpleasant reaction occurs due to the content in the juice of some alkaloids and enzymes.
If the plant of the ficus becomes wounds from the exposure of man or animals, then due to the Milky Juice, fast healing occurs.
In the premises, the ficus rubber rarely grows more than 2 meters. But it does not belong to slowly growing plants, since during the year under normal conditions the increase can be about 43 cm. Copies that begin to rest on their top into the ceiling, expose to pruning.
Important! Picuses grown in room conditions extremely rarely form lateral branches.
Picuses grown in room conditions extremely rarely form lateral branches.
When a ficus is grown at home, care for it should include a full range of measures to achieve an optimal result.
Requirement for lighting
Ficus rubbing is counted to plants that love light. It should be covered with bright, but scattered light, straight sun rays can cause a burn of the leaves. It can grow with light shading, but the development of it will certainly slow down. With a lack of light, the leaves of the lower tier can be pretended.
In the spring and summer, the ficus rubbing feels good in the temperature range from +21 to +24 degrees. If the temperature is used for a short time to the mark of +30 degrees, for the plant it will pass without prejudice. With the onset of the cold period, the tank with ficus should be removed into the cool room, where the temperature at any time does not fall below the +15 degree marks.
Watering mode and maintenance of air humidity
The moisturizes of the soil in tanks with the ficus rubbing are proceed when the upper soil layer will dry by 3 cm. In the warm period of the year, it is enough to pour a plant 1 or 2 times a week. Frequent watering will lead to premature leaves reset.
In the spring and summer, the ficus may not get air humidity. To solve such a problem, it is necessary to regularly spray the vegetative part of the plant with warm water from spraying device. At least 2 times a month, it is also recommended to moisturize the leaves of culture a wetting soft cloth.
Monthly ficus suite warm shower, but so that the water does not get to the pot substrate. In winter harsh days, moisturized leaves are unsafe due to the possible development of fungal infection. Only the surface of the leaf surface with a damp cloth is allowed. Capacities with ficus need to be installed away from the heating devices, since they are very dried air.
In the process of its livelihood, the ficus rubber drinks uses nutrients from the soil in the container for its development and growth. So that their margin does not completely exhausted, it is necessary to conduct feedstocks in the warm season of the year every 15 days. When performing such a procedure, it is necessary to alternate the use of liquid organic fertilizers using mineral tuks containing enough nitrogen.
The feeders are recommended immediately after watering, for example, like this:
- After the next moisturizing, a solution of nitroposki is made, which was obtained by dissolving 2 tsp. substances in 1 l of water;
- In the next feeding, after watering, infusion is made on the basis of a cowboy.
Attention! It is necessary to perform the feeder under the root so that the solution does not hit the leaves and the growth points of the plant.
It is necessary to perform the feeder under the root so that the solution does not hit the leaves and the growth points of the plant.
Transplanting displacer rubcoming
Annual transplant is required only to young bushes. It is carried out during the spring or at the start of the summer. Adult bushes are treated only when it is extremely necessary.
A special case of such a necessity is the closest for the root of the plant in the existing container. In order to avoid this, it is enough to make a transchange procedure once every three years. Another symptom indicating that it is time to make a transplant, is that after watering water quickly turns out to be in the pallet. This is because there are few organic substances in the soil composition.
The transplant should always be carried out in a larger capacity. It is better if the new pot will be 5 cm above and wider than the old capacity. If the ficus is rubbing already age, then in the process of transplanting it will be difficult not to damage its roots and branches. As a result, he can even die. To prevent such losses, the flowerfish with experience do not transplant such ficuses, and simply annually change the upper three-chamber substrate layer in the pot.
Ficus feels well in a pot filled with suitable soil, which includes the following ingredients in equal ratios:
- peat soil;
- Sand River;
- ferry soil;
- Sheet soil.
Flowers who do not want to mess around with the preparation of soil, buy a ready-made substrate for ficus.
The transplant is performed according to the following algorithm:
- A layer of drainage is poured into a new container;
- Gently remove the ficus from the old pot, keeping the earthen com;
- Equally neatly insert the flower into a new pot;
- fall asleep emptiness fresh soil, seeking a potted pot;
- Slightly seal the ground with hands.
Regarding the discern of the rubber section, such goals pursues:
- Cooperation of plant growth;
- Increase the number of leaves.
The older the bush, the more its leaf plates of the lower tier flying out. With the help of proper trimming, it is possible to slow down this negative process.
The characteristic error of novice flower flowers is that they cut off the top of the ficus in the hope that it will branch more. But thanks to this reception, this result is not achieved. To force the ficus to branch, it is necessary to cut 5 or 6 of its intersals.
Fikus bushes, which show a high growth rate and begin to rest in the ceiling, cut the top. Cutting upper parts are not thrown away, but rooted and planted into the container. Stems that have reached maximum length are cut again.
The cutting operation should be planned at the beginning of the spring, otherwise the side kidneys will not have time to awaken, and again will begin to grow rapidly to grow the top of the bush. Crossing leads dispenseed sharp knife. In the process of performing such work from the Russian Academy of Sciences, Milky Juice will definitely be cooked, it is washed with running water.
If there is a striving for the very magnificent ficker bush over the pot, then several plants should be planted into the container. The pot is installed in such a place where there is a slight shading. The pot Weekly should turn around the axis. In this case, the stalks of the fraud ficus will not be curved, their development will be uniform.
In that case, if you want to give more pomp separately growing in the pot of the Kush, then you need to try to awaken sleeping kidneys in the sneakers of the leaf on the stem. This is done by trimming, the technology of which we described above. Some flowerflowers to achieve the pomp of the ficus, took the method at which they pierce the barrel to a third of its thickness. Piercing first make on the top, and then fall below the trunk.
The following method of giving a pomp ficus is bribed with its simplicity:
- Choose young bushes;
- Their tops creep down as much as possible;
- In this position they are tied;
- on the kidney, which ended up above all, will fall more light;
- She is awakened and a new escape is growing out of it;
- After that, the flower is freed from the binding, it takes the former position.
Methods of breeding
Next, we'll see how you can propagate the ficus of rubricular at home.
The reproduction of cuttings is the most common and easy way. To do this, you need to do the following job:
- Cut at an angle of a stalk with a length of 13 cm from the stem or top;
- remove all the leaves from the cutken, with the exception of 1 or 2 topmost;
- Milky juice under the jet of running water;
- To root a stalk in a glass with water.
Important! Leaves left on a cutlery should evaporate moisture as much as possible. To this end, they are wrapped in a tube on which the gum is worn.
Leaves left on a cutlery should evaporate moisture as much as possible. To this end, they are wrapped in a tube on which the gum is worn.
Not bad cuttings are rooted in the soil, but this method is more laborious, because they will have to make the shelter from the cellophane package and periodically moisten the soil.
Cuttings cut from a green-shaft variety of ficus, rooted very easily. But with a stalk from the Variety of this culture, it will have to tinker more, because it is worse rooted. They are treated with heteroacexin and plant in small tubers with heated substrate.
Application for reproduction of air regulations
Ficus forms with motley leaves are well multiplied by air chains. To do this, do the following:
- On the trunk of the ficus make an incision for a third of his depths;
- In the section insert a match so that its edges do not climb;
- The place of the cut on the trunk is wrapped with a wet sphagnum, which is turned out to be wrapped outside with a polyethylene film;
- Over time, the roots will be formed at the scene, they will be seen through the film;
- Escape is cut down below the roots and planted with a gourmet with roots in a pot.
This method of reproduction in practice is rare and is not always effective. For this, the cut sheet is put in a glass with water for rooting. After 3 weeks, the roots will grow from it. Next, it is planted in a pot with a substrate. With regard to this method, there are no complete guarantees that a full-ficked ficus bush will grow out of the rooted sheet.
Diseases and pests
In the vegetative phase of development, the flick rubber can attack or hit some diseases and pests. Therefore, one of the important aspects of fish care is to combat these misfortunes.
Ficus rubbing possesses some resistance to common pests and diseases. However, sometimes this plant is affected by the shields and web ticks. You can get rid of these harmful creatures on a ficus by applying tobacco dust infusion. It is not difficult to prepare and is done like this:
- Take 1 liter of raw water;
- Add 4 tbsp. l. tobacco dust;
- Pour 35 ml of liquid soap;
- insist the composition of 23 hours;
- Before applying, resolve.
Processing is carried out with a pulverizer, and after 3 hours, after the procedure, the leaves of the ficus of rubber-free clean water are washed. If the ficus colonized the shields, then before spraying you need to try to collect them with your hands using a cotton swab.
Important! The bushes of indoor ficuses contained clean, are little interested in pests and are extremely rarely affected by them.
The bushes of indoor ficuses contained clean, are little interested in pests and are extremely rarely affected by them.
Problems in the process of growing
Ficus, care for which does not take into account the recommendations, may face such problems:
- Fallen leaves. From the ficus, both the lower leaves and leaf plates of the upper tiers can be flipped. The first case should not cause the flower caution, as the extinguishing of the lower leaves - it is quite natural and normal. The upper leaves on the bush fall on such reasons:
- Punching of the substrate in the pot;
- Watering is carried out more often than needed;
- Lighting failure;
- significant temperature difference;
- Drafts indoors.
- Yellow leaves. In the process of growing a fragmentation ficus on leaves, yellowness can be bright. Such an effect may have several reasons:
- Due to the natural processes associated with aging;
- Due to the excess of nutrient content in the soil of the pot - to suspend the process of yellowing is possible washing the substrate and the exception of the feeding for 2 months;
- The soil salinity also leads to the yellowing of the leaves - a flower transplant is required to a pot with a fresh substrate;
- Too roomy container also causes the yellowing of foliage - it is necessary to transplant colors in a suitable pot;
- The yellowing of the leaves due to the development of the root rot - it is necessary to extract the plant from the pot, cut off the root fragments of the roots and again fall off the fiber into a new pot.
- Slow growth bush. The main reasons for such a problem are:
- Nutritional shortage;
- close pot;
- lack of lighting.
After fixing the errors identified, the ficus will grow again normally.
Rubbone Ficus: Benefits and Harm
In practice, it has been established that the flux of rubber contributes to the purification of air masses from phenol, benzene compounds, as well as trichloroethylene.
It is curious that these toxic compounds are processed by carbohydrates and amino acids. According to the beliefs of the Hindus, the ficus is able to normalize the energy of the room, smoothing the sensation and anxiety in humans.
In addition, this plant is endowed with some medicinal properties used in medical practice. Folk recipes from juices and leaves of rubber navigation ficus are used to treat such ailments:
- Mioma and fibroma uterus;
- cancer prevention;
- lesions of the joints;
- hemorrhoidal nodes;
People who suffer from asthma are not recommended to have a similar plant in their home, since it highlights the rubber into the air that can cause the attack of suffocation.
Video: Care of Ficus Rubbone at home
You can find out more in the section "Houseplants" section.
Fikuse family is extremely diverse. Among them there are both miniature plants and very large specimens. One of the largests - rubbing ficus (elasta). People's Molver attributes this plant the ability to harmonize residential space and improve the emotional background of the owners of the house. Science claims that the flower is capable of purifying air from harmful compounds, in particular - formaldehydes.
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Description of type
Motherland, rubbing, is the tropical forests of Nepal, India, the Malay archipelago. There, the plant at first lives like epiphyte, then his air roots deepen into the ground. Over time, the ficus turns into a huge banyan. Separate specimens can reach a height of 50 m.
At home, the plant size is modest due to the fact that the volume of the soil in the pot and the ceiling height does not allow it to develop as possible in a natural environment. However, in terms of age, this species can be considered a real long-liver. Ficus is capable of living at home up to 50 years.
Elastics leaves are large, oval shape with a pointed tip. Their length can reach 30 centimeters, width - 2 times less. Each sheet lives 3-4 years, after which it turns yellow and falls. In the middle of the leafy plates passes a pronounced central vein.
Today, interesting varieties with darker coloring leaves and motley leaf plates are derived. These species have a shorter life. Such plants have to update from time to time, rooting cut off shoots.
Illumination and temperature
The place for the ficus is chosen given that he needs a bright, but scattered light. You can put a pot in 1 m from the southern window, providing shading at noon. Elastics will also feel well in close proximity to the eastern and western windows, or on the northern orientation windowsill.
Multiple varieties need more light. Decide with their place will help change coloring. If the leaves pale, the ficus must be provided with greater illumination.
The temperature of the content in the summer should be the usual room. Fikus does not like the heat. At temperatures above + 35 ° C, it stops in growth. Wintering of ordinary varieties should pass with a slightly snowy temperature (+ 16-18 ° C). Multiple varieties need more heat. The pronounced rest period is missing.
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Watering, making fertilizers
The frequency of watering depends on the temperature in the room, the volume of the pot, the size of the ficus. In the pot, the soil moisturizes if the earth dried to a depth of 2-3 cm. The plant in the tub is watered when the soil becomes dry at a depth of 5 cm. For irrigation, it is used with warm outstanding water, a little citric acid can be added to mitigate it.
Excess water from the pallet is removed by the scripting after half an hour after watering.
For feeding it is better to use special fertilizers intended for ficuses. If such a drug cannot be purchased, the complexes intended for decorative-deciduous plants are used. Fertilizers are made during the actual growth of elastics - from April to September.
Additional care, frequency of transfers
The roots of an adult plant over time come to the surface. So that they do not suffer from Publishing, in a pot with ficus, the land is being plucked or planting low plants. Instead, it is possible to hide the roots with a sphagnum and regularly spray moss.
This species has a powerful direct barrel that is reluctant to branch. If there is a desire to form fluffy busty from the ficus, it will be necessary to cut it with the top. Spray elastics only in the heat and during warm wintering. During the remaining periods, the leaves wipe with a damp sponge to clean from dust.
The signal to the transplant serves:
- The appearance of the roots of the drainage hole;
- Too fast drying of the soil;
- Stop growth with proper care.
In emergency cases, the elastics are transplanted if the earth deteriorated, pests appeared in the soil, there is a suspicion of reinforcement of the roots. The new pot should not be excessively large, nor too small. It is necessary to select it so that the diameter is 2-3 cm more than that of the previous one. In the bottom necessarily the presence of drainage holes.
The transplant is traditionally carried out in spring before the start of active growth of the plant. Usually use the method of transshipment of an earth coma. In case of problems with roots or soil, the root system is maximally purified from the old Earth and plant in a fresh substrate. In old plants living in the tub, you can simply replace the top layer of soil with a thickness of 5 cm, since their transplant is associated with difficulties.
Possible problems and ways to solve them
Problems in the cultivation of ficus are usually associated with incorrect care. What errors were allowed, you can understand the appearance of plants:
- New leaves grow too small - the flower is time to transplant in fresh fertile soil.
- A yellow border appeared on the edges of the leaves or yellow spots - the plant suffers from an excess of humidity in the soil. It is necessary to reduce watering.
- Ficus sharply dropped the leaves - too low temperature in the room, overdose of fertilizers, draft, watering cold water. Adjust the conditions and spray the plant with a solution "Epina".
- Lowering the bottom of the trunk is poor soil, the lack of fertilizers and light, the temperature regime is broken. Make feeders or transope the ficus. Put the pot closer to the window. Transfer the ficus to the warm room.
- Brown edging on the leaves - ficus it is hot, excess fertilizers, too dry air. Spray the plant in the heat. When the fertilizers are overdose, plenty of flower and cancel the following feed.
Under suitable conditions, the growing ficuses are practically not ill and is almost not amazed by pests. If you have noticed a shield, a pawite tick or mild cherry on the plants, treat the elastic with suitable drugs (insecticides or acaricides). In cases where the flower was charged due to overflow, it is treated with fungicide.
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Among my home, there is no ficus yet, but there is a plan to start them!
I will definitely tell you later!
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Ficus Elastic (rubbing) is the view of evergreen trees from the Family of the Thuth. Motherland - Indonesian Islands Sumatra, Java and Indian Assam.
It obtained its name due to the Milky Juice containing rubber.
Description Ficus Elastics
The plant, in a natural medium, reaches a height of 40 m, with room growing grows up to 10 m, but this is a rare case, as a rule, the height is not more than 1 m.
Tree leaves - glossy oval with a pointed end, rather large (length up to 30 cm). In young age, pinkish-brown, old - dark green.
The fruits are yellow-green, oval, with a diameter of 1 cm. With domestic dilution, ficus flowering is a very rare phenomenon.
Types of elastics for homemade cultivation
Rubber ficus has many indoor varieties that differ in foliage, height of growth and demanding care.
|Robusta||High, branched, with thick leaves. Effectively cleanses the air.||Unpretentious and hardy. Requires support. Suitable for beginners.|
|Melanie.||Compact, decorative, bushy, leaves are not very big dark green.||Unpretentious.|
|Abidjan||Fast growing, has broad dark burgundy glossy leaves shining in light.||Unpretentious. Need the tailing so that the plant does not stretch.|
|Black Prince||Dark rounded leaves change color depending on the lighting.||Having finished, transfers the difference in temperature, a transplant is possible at any time of the year.|
|Belize||The leaves have characteristic light divorces at the edges.||Required to good lighting. Summer prefers open airspace, but does not like the straight sun. Caprisen.|
|Tineke||Peppercut.||Unlike Belize, there are no pink shades in divorces.||Heat-seeing, does not carry drafts. Prefers reproduction with gangs. The feed must contain nitrogen. Using the quilt, you can form a bush and wood. Caprisen.|
|Sriverian||Yellow-green divorces cover almost the entire part of the sheet.||Required to heat and watering. With an excess of the latter, the leaves are twisted and fall.|
|Tricolor||Divorces on the leaves can be painted from white, light green, to pink shades.||Heat-loving, loves good lighting. With its lack, the unique color is lost. Watering moderate, excess moisture leads to loss of foliage. Persisted with pest attacks, but insecticide prevention is capable of protecting it.|
|Variagrata||The highest of volatile varieties, but the leaves are small.||Heat-loving, does not tolerate drafts. In cold blown premises dies. Once a month it is necessary to spray with water, the seafront.|
Ficus Care Elastics at home
Basically, a variety of dismissal ficus is unpretentious. But still it is worth observing a number of requirements not to destroy the plant.
The flower prefers a bright place, but with scattered light. Shadow and half authentive will stop his growth, and the direct sun hitting can harm. Also, when selecting places, it should be borne in mind that the spelling species love more light than one-photon.
Avoid location on drafts, with an open window you need to track so that cold air flows do not fall on the plant.
In the spring period, + 20 ... + 25 ºC are supported. In winter - not lower than +15 ºC. Only species with monophonic leaves withstand a decrease in temperature for a short time to +5 ºC.
Watering the plant regularly, but not plentifully, the soil in the pot always should be a slightly wet.
Excessive or insufficient moisturizing affects the health of the ficus, it is tagged, the voyage is discolored.
Spray in the spring-summer period of boiled warm water. In winter, you can simply give it a few days at room temperature. Also wipe the leaves with a wet sponge on both sides.
Choosing a pot, soil, transplant, feeding
Young plants transplant annually, in spring or summer. Adults in the case of a big growing (3 years), for them the pot must be a little close. To curb the root growth, the old is better not to touch. Every year you only need to change the top layer.
The soil is a finished substrate for ficuses or the following composition:
- turf land (2 parts);
- Sheet, peat and sand (1 part).
The transplant is made by transshipment.
In the spring - summer it is necessary to feed 2 times a month, in the winter only in the case of its growth (the concentration is reduced by half). Fertilizers are used in liquid form (for decorative deciduous crops). A well-rooted adult flower is fed with a mortar of a cowboy, pre-moisturizing the soil.
Pruning the ficus, to stimulate the growth of new shoots and the formation of the crown, produced at the end of winter. It is carried out after feeding, a month before the transplant.
Tools for the procedure are sharp knife, scissors or blade - disinfect with alcohol.
To give pomp, the shoots are cut off by 10-15 cm (three interstices) as the top and side, the latter is cut off by leaving the outer kidney.
Milky juice is erased, sections are treated with coal.
At home, the ficus spread in spring three methods.
The sheet with a stalk is placed in warm water. After the formation of the roots, squeeze a shallow, to the base, in the soil (special primer for ficuses). Fold the sheet and fasten the thread.
The cuttings remaining after trimming are lowered into a glass with water. After selecting the Milky Juice, rearranged into another container or directly into the potted pot, for rooting.
To loss the process is covered with a transparent can, making the similarity of the greenhouse. Rooting will occur in a month.
This method is most effective. On the trunk make an incision (no more than 5 mm), insert a match into it. It is covered with moistened moss. Watch out the removal of the film. After the appearance of the roots (3-4 months), the barrel is separated and transplant.
Errors in Care, Diseases, Pest
Like any ficus, the rubricular species is subject to illness, especially with improper care. To avoid it, try not to make mistakes.
|Manifestations on the leaves and others.||Cause||Elimination|
|Spots.||Dark.||Churchpore - fungal disease.||Remove parts affected by the disease, spray with fungicidal solutions (phytosporin).|
|Yellow.||Anthracnose or Botritis.|
|White at the ends.||Lithocials are a natural phenomenon.||No action takes.|
|Brown at the ends.||Sunburn.||Rearrange in a more rented place place.|
|Pallor, growth slowdown.||Lack of nutrition.||Feature.|
|White bloom.||Puffy dew - fungal disease (poorly ventilated room).||Remove the affected leaves are treated with fungicides, periodically ventilate the room, not allowing drafts.|
|Wavily and clarification.||Redundant lighting.||Clean the inconception of the room with artificial lighting.|
|Torsion.||Reduced temperature.||Rearrange the pot to warmer conditions.|
|Serious and fading stems.||Root rot.||Reduce watering. With a strong defeat, it is destroyed.|
|The pallor of the greenery, the appearance of the web.||Cobbled tick.||Proceed by one of the funds: alcohol solutions, garlic, onion husks, soap; Predatory insects - phytosayulus, amblyloous; chemical (Aktellik, phytodeterm).|
|Lindases, small vests.||Shield.||Spray: solutions of soap, garlic, bitter pepper, bows; Aktara, Vestimen.|
|White cotton raid, growth delay.||Mealybug.||Clean the sponge with soap solution, treated with alcohol. Spray Aktar, phytodeterm.|
|Stuffiness.||Bellenka.||Apply sticky tape for insects, soap solution, actuar, accurations.|
|Compressing, withering, nodules on the roots.||Nematodes.||Proceed with phosphamid, tank EcoKel.|
|Colorless spotting, wilting and focusing.||TRIPS.||Wipe with soap solution. Apply phytodener, ridicule.|
Mr. Dachnik informs: Ficus rubbing - Signs and superstition
This is a plant, according to folk signs, Mugano, in the house where a man's flower is not coming out. But at the same time he attracts good luck in the money. Therefore, its best location in the workplace, in the office, it will contribute to the career, increase wages or attracting rich sponsors.
Our grandmothers believed that the ficus had a beneficial effect on the process of pregnancy, relieves childbirth. If you position the flower in the kitchen, then the satiety and security are guaranteed. But do not put it in the bedroom, he will bring a detachment in family relationships.