How to choose, clean and what is the lychee

Recently, many unexpectedly appeared in Moscow supermarkets Litchi . It is worth an exotic fruit is not so expensive - Approximately 230 rubles per kilogram . But how and with what is it?

How and with what is lychee
How and with what is lychee

Litchi ("Dragon eye") - the fruit of evergreen tree growing in Northern India, China, Thailand, North Vietnam, South Africa and in the US . In the fruit - the pushed peel of red-pink color, under which the jelly-shaped juicy flesh and a large intolerable bone.

The taste of the lychee is refreshing and unusual (it resembles a mixture of strawberries, grapes, currants and kuragi), with a pleasant and characteristic perfumey aroma, similar to the aroma of roses.

Fruits of lychee on a tree
Fruits of lychee on a tree

How to choose and store lychee

The main thing - look at the color of the peel. It must be pink or red. If brown, the fruit broke the fruit for a long time and he could already spoil. Light yellow color - you want to sell immature lychee. And, of course, the peel should be whole, without dents and stains.

Turn the fruit - it should be elastic, as if it's a burst. Soft or too hard lychee buy no need - a waste of money.

Lychee is better to eat as quickly as possible, 1-2 days after purchase. For such a short period, fruits can be left at room temperature. Want to save them longer? Clean the lychee (see the instruction below), put the pulp in the food container and freeze. If there is a slightest suspicion about the quality of the preservation of lychee, throw it out, I do not regret it!

Proper lychee - elastic, pink and fragrant
Proper lychee - elastic, pink and fragrant

How to Clean Litchi

1. Carefully wash the fruit under the water stream.

2. Gently pour the peel with a knife and make a shallow short cut.

3. Remove the peel with your fingers, as if we cleaned the boiled egg. Only the peel this can be removed long strips.

4. Cancel the flesh and remove the bone. She is disadvantaged!

Lychee: peel, flesh and seed
Lychee: peel, flesh and seed

How and with what is lychee

Lychee can be simply in a fresh form, but do not eat it a lot - the taste is still too specific. But with lychee, you can make beautiful drinks and desserts - ice cream, mousse, jelly.

The easiest option of the dessert - lychee with green jasmine tea. Prepare green tea, well brew it and strain. Add some brown sugar, zest and lime juice. Weganize the mixture until the sugar is completely dissolved. Fully cool tea. The flesh of lychee (if desired, adding more white grapes, pieces of melon and kiwi) spread over small glasses or muscas and span tea syrup. Let stand for 2-3 minutes and serve.

In Southeast Asia, the lychee is used in the preparation of dishes from meat and gifts of the sea, for example, from the fetus make sauce to shrimps in a fryer or for chicken with almonds. An excellent option is to serve a lychee with a rice noodle cooked with coconut milk.

Licacy for drinking drink
Licacy for drinking drink

Recipes with lychee

Dessert Soup

Oh, how we love to travel. Especially where the sea is always warm and there is a sun ... Unfortunately, it does not always work. But we do not think to lose heart. We buy lychee and prepare stunning Soup of lychee with almond ice cream-kulfi .

Soup of lychee with almond ice cream-kulfi
Soup of lychee with almond ice cream-kulfi

Wow Salad.

Pineapple, strawberry and lychee - products that are sold in many supermarkets at any time of the year. This needs to use and cook spectacular. Dessert from lychee and strawberries filed in pineapple.

Pineapple dessert with strawberries and lychee
Pineapple dessert with strawberries and lychee

Health and Youth Cocktail

Coconut is considered a calorie product. But its composition includes many healing substances, natural oils and antioxidants. And if you add lychee to it, it turns out Detox cocktail on coconut milk .

Detox cocktail with coconut and lychee
Detox cocktail with coconut and lychee

Fruit Litchi

Perhaps you are a lover to try new tastes and already taped in such an exotion as lychee? If not, be sure to try. The overseas guest, for sure, will amaze and the appearance, and the taste, and the number of elements beneficial for the body, which will be described below.

Lychee, of course, not apples. You can even find it today only in large urban supermarkets, but if you see, do not suck and buy a couple of pieces on a sample, you should like.

How and with what the lychee is eating

Many did not even hear about such a fruit as lychee and all the more concepts do not have what to do with it after buying. Externally, lychee resembles something mean between the rough nut or a small bright red-brick color ball.

It is difficult to choose what has never tried, but experts advise that the fruits are saturated - they are ripe and tastier. The lychee in the skinny does not smell anything, its fragrance becomes only after removing the upper inedible rigid layer.

Having made a shallow incision, you will see the pulp of the fetus - the jelly mass of a muddy cream color. A little unusual, however, quite appetizing, especially considering the fine pink fruit aroma, which exudes this flesh. As there are lico

Next, taste receptors are included: a gentle sour-sweet taste, with grapes, citrus and mint notes, very refreshing and original. Inside the lychee there is a fairly large, reminiscent of the color and form of acorn, the bone, it is easily removed.

Lychi in our country to eat, most likely, will be extremely fresh to try and feel the unique exotic bouquet.

But at home of the fetus, in China, the fruit is the same everyday, as we have plums ( Lychee, by the way, also refer to the Chinese plum ). It is widely used in cooking and medicine. Prepare jam, desserts, compotes, tinctures, wine and much more.

Dried lychee called nuts. The fruit is stored poorly - a few days, and peeled only a few hours.

A bit of history

Lychee, as already mentioned, originally from China, where he was known for another 2 century to our era. Today it is cultivated not only in Chinese territories, but also in Thailand, Japan, Australia, South America, Africa.

It is believed that the lychee was brought to the 17th century. He began to call " Dragon eye "

The similarity is striking, if cutting the fruit along in half - the cut will accurately imitate the above-mentioned eye: the dark shell of the peel, the jelly-like bleached pulp and the central oval bone is the pupil.

Every year in the middle of June, in Thailand, "Holiday Licacy" is held in Thailand, in which fairs, festivities, processions and beauty contest "Miss Lichi" are organized.

In our latitudes, it is possible to grow lychers only in greenhouses or at home, having sprantered the seed of ripe fetus. The growing agricultural equipment is quite specific and complicated, and the fruits may appear at best on 8-11 years after landing.

Chemical composition How and with what the lychee is eating

The chemical composition will help to reveal: what is so rich is an exotic fruit, and that a valuable can get a human body from its use.

Energy value of 100 g of raw fruits no more than 65 kilocalories - Beautiful diet and diet diet for weight loss.

Vitamins and minerals in 100 grams of lychee: • Ascorbic acid - 72 mg; • Folic acid (B9) - 14 μg; • Phillaxinone (K) - 0.4 μg; • Vitamin RR - 0.6 mg; • choline - 7 mg; • vitamin E - 0.07 mg; • Riboflavin (B2) - 0.07 mg; • pyridoxine (B6) - 0.1 mg; • protein part - 0.83 g; • Fats - 0.44 g; • carbohydrates (including saccharides) - 16.5 g; • fiber - 1.3 g; • The ash portion is 0.44 g; • Water - 81.75 g; • acids - 0.09 g; • Minerals: calcium, selenium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, manganese, potassium, copper, sodium.

A rich chemical composition allows you to widely use lychee in folk medicine. Chinese, Indian signs know thousands of diseases, healed from which it is possible with an amazing fetus.

Licacy benefits Licacy benefits

Read more about what can be given by the body by using fresh lychee or drugs based on them.

1. Lychee copes perfectly with cough, inflammation of almonds, and vitamin C contributes to a speedy recovery in colds and strengthening the body.

2. Vitamin K and PR are indispensable for the prevention of atherosclerosis. Nicotinic acid expands the vessels, improves their permeability, neutralizes cholesterol, struggling with thrombosis.

3. Fruits The strongest Aphrodisiac, familiar to mankind many centuries.

4. The lychee seeds effectively remove pain in neuralgia and act as general anesthetic.

5. Also unwound bones restore the operation of the gastrointestinal tract.

6. Fruit, promoting weight loss and normalization, activates metabolic processes.

7. Chinese medicine uses lico extract for the manufacture of anticancer drugs.

8. Lychee stimulates blood formation processes.

Lychee chinese pluma

9. Helps cores.

10. The fiber contained in the lychee is indispensable for the correct and full of the stomach.

11. 8-10 Fruits of lychee are able to normalize blood sugar levels - Fruit is useful to diabetics .

12. Since in the lychee a lot of nicotine acid expanding the vessels, it is recommended to increase lactation. At the same time, do not forget about caution and moderation.

13. In Eastern Medicine, lychee is often used for rehabilitation of the kidneys, liver and lungs.

As for contraindications to the use of lychee, they are not. The body's negative reaction is possible only in the case of individual intolerance or exceeding reasonable norms when using unusual fruits.

Carefully and on a little bit of trying the lychee should be jointers, suffering gastritis and duodenitis.

All the rest of the use of the "dragon eye" one or twice a week, in addition to the benefit and gastronomic pleasure, nothing threatens. Be healthy.

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Exotic fruit

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Solid peel

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Fruits of lychee on trees

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Lychee from China

The lychee is not subjected to heat treatment, they are not boiled and not fried, but how do they eat lychee? And they eat them in raw form and nevertheless it is not an apple or a pear, which ripped out of the branch and immediately in the mouth. The fruits of the lychee are covered with a dense red peel in the pimples, in the freshly spent fruit ends of the veils ends with rather sharp spines. Therefore, before climbing juicy and sweet, the specifical taste of the pulp, they have to free it from this barley shell.

How-eating lychee-like-correct-there is-lyche-1

How to clean lychee?

To fulfill this not particularly pleasant procedure, you will need a knife. The fruits of a small size, on average about 4 centimeters in length, so the knife should be small, thin and very sharp, whatever to crush the gentle flesh. If there is no special knife for fruit, it is quite suitable for a knife for fillet.

How-eating lychee-like-correct-there is-lyche-2

Before cleaning, you need to rinse the fruits of the lychee under running water and give a track of water. Then carefully, without squeezing the fruit, make an incision around the circumference of the fetus and separate the formed two halves.

Then you need to remove the bone. The bone of the lychee contains dangerous toxins that are poisonous. It's easy enough to do it. It is only necessary to cut the pulp around the circumference, divide it into two halves and flick the bone with a knife. The second option is to make an incision at the top of the fetus tip and just squeeze the bone. However, in this case, the part of the pulp will be crushed, this method is suitable if the integrity of the kiwi fetus is not required.

How-eating lychee-like-correct-there is-lyche-3

Of course, such a preparation of these fruits for consuming a fairly tedious procedure, but nevertheless your work will pay off with a hundredfold, because when touched with cleaning, you will receive a practically ready-to-eat product.

How do lychee eating in his homeland?

It is in this form that the Chinese, Thais, Vietnamese, use the Chinese, Thais, Vietnamese, just liberated from the peel and bones. Given that lychee improves digestion and activates the metabolism, it is served after sharp heavy meat dishes as a natural source of enzymes. You can use lychee in almost any quantity, it does not cause a feeling of gravity in the stomach, the main thing is that there was no allergy.

How-eating lychee-like-correct-there-lyche-4

A pair of recipes dishes from lychee

How do lychee eating in restaurants? In such establishments, this fruit is most often served as part of combined dishes. This method is most popular and in Russia.

The peculiarity of this product is also that it is perfectly approaching various dishes, be it second meat or fish dishes or dessert. Here is an example of the recipes for dishes in which there are lycheles.

Pork with lychee in sauce

This is common in China the second dish, which is easy to prepare at home.

Ingredients:

  • Pork meat pulp - 500 g
  • Bulgarian pepper - 1 pc.
  • Lica, canned canned - 10 pcs
  • Worcester sauce - 2 ppm
  • Ketchup - 3 tbsp.
  • Rice vinegar - 2 tbsp.
  • Sugar - 1 tbsp.
  • Salt - 1 tsp.
  • Corn starch - 2 tbsp.
  • Olive oil - 150 ml

Cooking:

  1. Cut pork cubes and cut in starch, withstand 10 minutes.
  2. Heat in wok oil on a strong fire. Fry meat in butter until golden color. Throw on the colander and give a track of oil.
  3. Prepare sauce, mixing ketchup, Worcester sauce, salt, sugar and vinegar.
  4. Cut dice pepper and fry in wok in oil for 2-3 minutes.
  5. Add pork, lychee, sauce and stew stirring for 5 minutes.

Pork with lychee

Safle from sake

The original dish, popular in many restaurants of China, Vietnam, Thailand.

Ingredients:

  • Lychee - 150 grams
  • Mango - 1 pc.
  • Vanilla or Vanilin
  • Egg - 1 pc.
  • Sake - 50 gr.
  • Cream - 50 gr.
  • Dried figs - 30 grams.
  • Honey - 10 gr.
  • Sugar - 10 gr.
  • Gelatin - two tbsp.

Cooking:

  1. Gelatin Soak in 60 ml of warm water.
  2. Beat the cream mixer.
  3. Separately beat egg squirrel with sugar.
  4. Clear lychee, remove bones, make mashed meat.
  5. Mix puree lychee with whipped protein and dissolved gelatin.
  6. Add whipped cream, mix well and put in the refrigerator.
  7. Sake porch in two cups.
  8. In one cup with sake, put the cubes of figs, and in the second - vanilla.
  9. Sake with vanilla heat in the microwave to a boil, then cool, strain, interoperade honey and put in the refrigerator.
  10. Mango Clean the peel from the peel, remove the bone, chop cut into cubes.
  11. To put a cooled fruit mass on the plate, putting pieces of mango and pickled in sake of figs.
  12. Immediately before serving with sac and honey syrup.

Souffle from lichu

Lychee in syrup

Fresh lychee is quite difficult to export, because it is a fruit perishable. Therefore, more often to us to Russia and in other European countries, lychee fall in canned form. Purified fruits of lychee can be preserved in sweet syrup. They remind compote by consistency. You can find them in almost any supermarket.

There are canned lychee, you can simply simply, without bothering the question of how to eat lychee, or adding to any dishes. You can use as a toping for ice cream or desserts. It can be a tasty and unusual stuffing for baking.

Lychee in syrup is a very convenient option, because it is available all year round and therefore enjoy in great demand. It is quite real, although an unusual alternative to the usual fruit for us for diversity of the diet, especially in the winter season.

We hope that you will find out with this small review you will learn how to eat lychee.

How to choose lychee

Ripe fruits are dense and elastic, when pressed by their peel springs, and not presented. The smell is pleasant, but not too strong. Also, when choosing, be sure to pay attention to the color of the fetal shell: ripe lychee it has a pinkish or reddish tint.

How to choose lychee
Make sure that the fruits are not rot. Photo: HandmadePicture / Depositphotos

If the skin is greenish - lychee misfortune, and the referee speaks about surfaction. Traces of mold and damage on the shell are signs of spoiled fruit.

How to clean Litchi

The lychee is dense, but thin, so it is easy to cope with her. To clean the fruit, keep the shell with a knife with a tip or pull your fingers, and after just remove it with your hands.

How to clean Litchi
Licacy peel is easily easily - as an egg shell. Photo: shawn_hempel / Depositphotos

In the middle of the purified fruit you will find large bones. Get them - they are inedible.

What to cook from lychee

The pulp of fruit juicy and pleasant taste, on the consistency she resembles grapes. Lica can simply have any exotic delicacy or make refreshing drinks and desserts from them.

1. Lemonade from lychee

How are Lychee: Lemonade
Photo: HandmadePicture / Depositphotos

Ingredients

  • 1-2 lemon;
  • 12-15 litchings;
  • 750 ml of water;
  • Sugar - to taste.

Cooking

From Lemon Sick Juice. Clean the lychee and remove the bones of them. Grind the pulp in the blender. Mix with lemon juice, water, sugar and make sure that its crystals completely dissolved.

2. Smoothie with lychee

How to eat lychee: smoothie
Photo: Anasta.see.you.yandex.com/Depositphotos.

Ingredients

  • 15 lychee;
  • 1 tablespoon of honey;
  • 120 ml of milk;
  • 80 g of yogurt without taste additives.

Cooking

Fruits Clean and remove bones. First, grind a lidch with honey in a blender, after add milk with yogurt and continue to beat about 20 seconds.

3. Sorbet with lychee

How are Litchi: Sorbet Recipe
Photo: Wafessa_p / Shutterstock

Ingredients

  • 1 kg of lychee;
  • 1 piece of ginger (no more than 1 cm size);
  • 2 tablespoons of lemon juice;
  • 2 tablespoons of sugar powder.

Cooking

Fruits clean and remove bones. In the blender, take the lychee with ginger, lemon juice and powdered sugar.

Pour into the plastic container, cover with a lid or foil and leave in the freezer for 5-6 hours. After again, grind in the blender and put another 9-10 hours in the freezer.

4. Coconut dessert with lychee

How are Litchi: Coconut dessert with lychee
Photo: Anna Lohachova / Shutterstock

Ingredients

  • 10 litchings;
  • 240 ml of coconut milk;
  • 1 teaspoon of coconut nectar (can be replaced with powdered sugar);
  • 1 pinch of salt;
  • 3 tablespoons of chia seeds.

Cooking

Fruits Clean and remove bones. Grind lychee in a blender along with coconut milk, nectar and salt, after mix with chia. Put in the refrigerator for 2 hours and stir every 30 minutes.

5. Panna Cotta with lychee

How are Lychee: Cott Panna with Lica
Photo: TobincStudio / Shutterstock

Ingredients

  • 400 g of lychee;
  • 120 ml of milk;
  • 1 tablespoon of water;
  • 1½ teaspoon gelatin;
  • 65 g of sugar;
  • 300 ml of a metering cream of 40%;
  • ½ teaspoon vanilla extract.

Cooking

Clean the fruit and remove the bones. The pulp grind in the blender, after wipe through the sieve. In a saucepan, connect milk with clouded gelatin and bring to a boil on a small fire.

Practically, before boiling, add mashed potatoes with sugar, continue cooking. After about 2 minutes, pour cream and vanilla extract, mix.

Remove the saucepan from the fire and stop in a bowl of ice. Continue to stir the mixture, and when it will cool down, run by silicone forms and send to the fridge for 4 hours.

Many times saw this wonder, and it was not solved. What is lychee fruit - a million question. Until you try - you will not understand. Looks like a Christmas tree toy. It seems not to say that edible. And today they give, I think I will venture!

Lica - what it is, what does it look like?

Lychee - Dragonflow

Lychee (Chinese plum, human, lisi) - sour-sweet fruit size with walnut. In China, he is pathetic called Dragon Eye. Similarity is definitely traced, just look at the cleaned berry. Red eyelids, white pulp as a vitreous body, and a bone - a narrow pupil 😉

The fruit is covered with a dense peel of red or brown with characteristic tubercles. She is not eaten. Inside there is a sweet jelly mass. Sometimes there is a lightweight tartness in it, and the smell resembles a gentle fragrance of flowers.

Berries are growing on tropical evergreen trees. China and North Vietnam consider birthday plants. There it is cultivated from the second millennium to our era.

Fruits were considered a delicacy with the Chinese Imperial Palace. They enjoyed great demand. There was a special courier service that was engaged in the delivery of fresh harvest from Guangdong Province.

Today, lychee is grown in Australia, Brazil, USA, South Africa countries. This is one of the most popular fruits of Southeast Asia. He fell into Europe in the 17th century.

It is sold fresh, canned or dried in supermarkets worldwide. The product is used to prepare hot dishes, snacks. It is added to drinks and desserts.

Berries are put in salads and ice cream. Of them make smoothies, jelly. The fruits can be preserved with sugar (we often find on sale), dried. The Chinese of them produce wine, liqueurs and gas.

Lychee fruit : What in the composition?

The product has a pleasant taste and nutritional value. It has a lot of fiber and vitamin C. Calorie 100 g is only 66 kcal.

Lickey photo in the store

Vitamin composition is presented in the table. Data taken with USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference.

Name Number per 100 g mg % daily norm
Tiamine 0.011 0,7.
Riboflavin 0.065 3.6
Choline 7,1 1,4.
Pyridoxin 0.1. 5
Folates 1,4. 3.5
Ascorbinka 71.5 79,4.
Pp. 0,603 3

As you can see, "not thick" on all items, except ascorbica. There is a lychee - an absolute record holder. Four things will provide 80% of daily need.

The balance of macro and trace elements is presented below.

Name Amount per 100 grams, mg % daily norm
Potassium 171. 6.8.
Calcium 50.5
Magnesium 10 2.5
Phosphorus 31. 3.9
Iron 0.31 1,7
Manganese 0.055 2.8.
Copper 14.8. 14.8.
Selenium 0.06. 1,1
Zinc 0.07 0,6

In addition, in the fruits you can find an indispensable amino acids:

  • lysine,
  • methionine
  • tryptophan.

What is the benefit?

Lychee low-caloriene, does not contain fat, rich in pectins, food fibers. This is an excellent snack. It is convenient to take it with you on the road or to work. He gives a feeling of satiety, knocks off the craving for sweet.

Fruit normalizes metabolic processes, improves the state of the gastrointestinal tract, protects against atherosclerosis.

In many sources, information is found that berries are useful for the heart, as it contains a lot of potassium. Very doubt.

half purified eye dragon

A handful, eaten by the occasion, will cover 6.8% of the daytime and "weather" will not do. It is much more efficient to buy dried figs, in which this item is 5 times more. Or a kuragu where its concentration is much higher.

Magnesium is also a bit. I would do not make a bet with heart disease on the lychee. It is much more interesting than antioxidants and other unique connections. Their study has not yet been completed.

Like any food, fruit has its pros and cons of health. Today, scientists actively investigate its properties.

Supports immunity

The fruits are saturated ascorbing - one of the main vitamins to facilitate colds and protection against viral infections.

It has antiviral properties

Molecular Vision magazine in February 2016 published the joint work of Chinese and Thai doctors. Experiments have shown that the extract of lychee blocks the growth of herpes virus.

Normalizes blood sugar

The regular turn on the dragon eye in the menu helps reduce insulin resistance and control the level of sugar. Specialists from Taiwanese National University of Cheng Kung came to this conclusion.

Purified Fruit Litchi

Removes inflammation

Fruit contains many antioxidants, which reduce chronic inflammation, prevent the accumulation of free radicals. Inedible skin is rich in polyphenols, polysaccharides, other active compounds.

It has antitumor properties

Plos One magazine (8 Sep. 2017) published an article by Italian physicians from Palermo University. They presented evidence of the potential antitumor activity of the lickey skin extract.

Supports brain work

Chinese doctors have discovered active compounds in seeds that prevent damage to neurons. Experiments on rats demonstrated their ability to improve cognitive function. Studies confirmed that the eye dragon is an effective assistant in the fight against Alzheimer's disease.

What to pay attention to?

The main contraindication is individual intolerance. Overall may cause diarrhea. The use on an empty stomach of a large amount of immature fruit causes a dangerous state - hypoglycemic encephalopathy.

Every year, cases of mass poisoning of children are recorded in India. Fruits of lychee contain special amino acids. They actively split glucose and reduce its content in the blood. If the level is initially low (when malnutrition), then the consequences can be sad. Up to death.

For the domestic consumer of lychee - unusual food, so it should be tried carefully. Make sure the body responds to a new product satisfactory. Remember the risk of allergies.

If you never ate fruit, enter it into the diet gradually. Start with one thing, watch the reaction. Nutritionists do not advise consume more than 10-20 berries per day.

Healing properties

For Russia, lychee - exotic, but in East Folk Medicine, he is very popular. In Japan, the oligonol is produced from it. He is prescribed to preserve the youth and combating a number of diseases.

Exotic berries on the counter

The Chinese apply a lychee for the prevention of atherosclerosis, other pathologies of the cardiovascular system. With it, they are treated with kidney disease, urinary tract, cold and tuberculosis. Regular use reduces cholesterol.

Chinese traditional medicine attributes a fruit warming properties. It is believed that he is healing the digestive system, improves the composition of the blood, increases appetite, retains the health of the spleen.

Ayurveda prescribes to use lychee to solve gynecological problems and normalization of the menstrual cycle. Hindus believe that fruits reduce inflammation, they will stop pain.

In Hindu medicine, the berry is considered to be aphrodisiac. It stimulates sexual attraction, improves sexual function.

Where to buy lychee fruit, how to choose and save?

In our supermarkets, lychee usually look too attractive. Fruits are poorly stored and strongly suffer during transportation. Just torn from the tree - brighter and appetizing. They are distinguished by red. Those that long traveled before the push is brown or pinkish.

This does not affect useful properties. The main thing is that the berries did not be dents, damage, signs of mold.

Fruits are stored at room temperature a few days. In the cold, they will lay a week or a half. At a temperature of 5-7 degrees - the month will last, and in the freezer - up to 90 days.

Taking into account the foregoing to buy canned lychee - not the worst idea. With them less, and the taste is no worse. The main thing is to check the expiration date and composition.

How to eat lychee, how to clean it?

The easiest way to eat fresh. To do this, wash the fruit, clean, remove the seed. A thin dry peel is pushed by a knife, bleed with pieces. The process reminded me of cleaning chestnuts.

After that, it is necessary to separate the bone. It is easy. It is large and stands out by color. What is left is a tender fragrant flesh. Its taste is not compared with anything. He is worth doing all these manipulations.

So we figured out what litter fruit is. If you see in the store, do not pass by. Take a handful, suddenly you will like it? The price does not bite (125 rubles per kilogram), but trying new - this is so interesting!

You have not tried lychee? Many did not even hear about such an exotic fruit and all the more concepts do not have what to do with it after purchase. Let's get acquainted! What kind of fruit is lychee! How to eat it? Recipes. Useful properties and contraindications. And a little about fruits similar to lychee.

Lychi - what is it? Fruit or berry? Or maybe a nut? Where and how is it growing?

According to Botanic Licacy References, this is a single berry. On the household level, lychee is called fruit, dried lychee call nut lychee .

Litchi

Licacy from China, here it is eaten by the II BC. Gradually, this plant began to cultivate in neighboring countries. Now lychee is one of the most popular fruits of Southeast Asia. In addition, they are grown by lychee and in Japan, Australia, Africa.

The first European mention of lychee dates back to the middle of the XVII century. Juan Gonzalez de Mendoza, thanks to which the lychee began to call "Chinese plum" , wrote that this fruit "Reminds the plum that never burdens the stomach and can go in a huge amount."

Tree lycha

Lychee grows in subtropics. These are evergreen trees tall, as a rule, up to 15 m. But sometimes they reach the height of 26-28 m. In our latitudes, there is no growing, but the fans of exotic are trying to grow it in greenhouses or on the windowsill at home.

Fruit Lychee: What color, taste and fragrance

Fruits of lychee oval, small, length of only 2.5-4 cm. The peel in ripe fruits of pinkish-red color, is covered with pointed tubercles, inedible. There is a bone inside the fetus; It is bitter taste, also inedible. Lichk bones are considered even to poisonous, and although the Chinese make medicinal powders from them, we are most likely without special knowledge, there are not worth it. It is used in food only the pulp of the fruit of white.

lychee fruit

It is difficult to describe the taste of lychee: the most reminiscent is the sour-sweet grapes, but with a whole range of shades - strawberry, citrus, it seems that there are also Nacks of Kiwi with a refreshing mint. In general, it can be said that the taste is very pleasant, fresh and original. The aroma of lychee is also not bad - most like a rose.

How to choose lychee in the store

Lychee is still rare in Russian stores. And if it is not surprised in the metropolitan stores of buyers with exotic fruits, then in the province, many more "in the eyes did not see" lychee. But gradually the situation changes. Today, lychee begin to offer such major federal retail chains, such as "five pyatochka".

The main supplier of lychee is China. In part, the long lack of these fruit in our market is associated with the difficulties of transporting and storing lychee. The fact is that these fruit are not stored for a long time. Often for deliveries to exports they are broken by green, ripe lychee is stored 14-30 days at a temperature of 1-7 s о  And only 2-3 days at room temperature.

lychee, farmer market

lychee, farmer market

What to pay attention to when choosing a lychee in the store? First of all, the color of the peel: the most ripe and delicious lychee of a saturated red, if the shade of red closer to yellow is talking about the misfortune, closer to the brown - about overrees. Green lychee can be trimmed if they are put on the light, for example on the windowsill.

Fruits should be without any visible damage, elastic to the touch, with a lung pleasant aroma. If fruits with brown spots, brown, then this testifies to non-mercy of lychee.

Licacy: Useful properties and harm

Harm lichu

Only green fruits are considered dangerous, as they block the absorption of glucose by the body, which can lead to very negative consequences. As for ripe lychers, there are no special contraindications for their use.

Litchi

If you have never tried lychee, then begin to introduce fruit into the diet, like everything new, you need carefully, with a small amount, since there is always a risk of individual intolerance and allergies.

You should not eat them on an empty stomach, especially in large quantities, since the Chinese plum has a laxative action, which ultimately can provoke diarrhea, especially if the product is new for the digestive system of your body.

Of course, according to the above reasons, with special care it is necessary to give a new fruit to children.

Useful properties of lychee

Lychee contains a large number of vitamins: C, E, K, Group B, RR, N. Many in fruits and minerals: calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, zinc, sodium, iodine and others.

Lychee is useful to people with cardiovascular diseases, for the prevention of atherosclerosis. The high concentration of potassium, magnesium and nicotine acid in this fruit has a beneficial effect on the heart, reduces cholesterol levels. Detacins in the composition of lychee reduce inflammatory processes in the stomach and intestines, as they have enveloping properties.

Experts recommend to use lychee to people suffering from diseases such as: anemia, diabetes, gastritis, gastric ulcer.

The useful properties of lychee are manifested in the treatment of diseases of the respiratory system - the fruits are effective when coughing and bronchial asthma, help eliminate swelling, remove sputum, reduce the level of painful sensations.

Fruit lychee helps with chronic constipation. Due to the small content of fats and a large amount of water, it is effective in obesity. It is recommended in many dietary rations as the source of fiber and beneficial substances, for weight loss and normalization of body weight.

Often use lychee and in cosmetology. Facial masks from lychee fruits are effective to prevent premature aging, smoothing small wrinkles. Lychee extract based hair facilities contribute to hair restoration, the strengthening of the hair onion, prevent the hair section.

In Hindu medicine, lychee is considered an aphrodisiac influencing sexual function and sexual attraction of men. In India, lychee is called the fruit of love.

How eating lychee?

As mentioned above, only the white jelly-like pulp of the fetus is edible. Peel and bone inedible.

As there are lico

Despite the impregnable look to clean the lychee is quite simple: make a knife incisive at the base of the fruits and pull the peel, then the fruit can be cleaned with hands like an egg from the shell. To remove the bone, make a small nozzle pulp - the bone is large and quite easily removed. In the food of the lychee, they are mostly in a fresh form, although there is also canned lychee. You can also cook a jam from lychee.

Canned lychee

Canned lychee

Jam from Lico, Kiwi and Mango

Jam from Lico, Kiwi and Mango

On the basis of lychee prepare all sorts of desserts: ice cream, jelly, yogurts. Add lychee and salads. You can prepare on the basis of lychee alcoholic and non-alcoholic cocktails.

Ice cream with lychee

Ice cream with lychee

Cocktail from Lichi and Martini

Cocktail from Lichi and Martini

Salad with duck and lychee

Salad with duck and lychee

And the Chinese are prepared from the lychee of wine and tincture.

Chinese Lica Wine

Chinese Lica Wine

Exotic fruit in the kitchen - what else can you cook with a lychee: recipes

Dairy jelly with lychee

Refreshing dessert with light sourness. For the dietary option, milk can be taken skimmed, and the sugar rate is reduced.

Dairy jelly with lychee

Ingredients

  • 400 ml of milk fatness from 3.5%;
  • 100 g of lychee fresh or canned;
  • 10 g gelatin;
  • 2 tbsp. Sahara;
  • Water - for soaking gelatin.

Cooking

  1. Gelatin boil with water and let you swell.
  2. Pour the milk into the pan, warm and add gelatin, continuously interfering to dissolution. Add sugar. Bring to a boil, then remove from the stove and cool down.
  3. Boil the jelly into small crews, adding into each few halves of lychee. Put at least 2 hours in the refrigerator.

Exotic salad with salmon and lychee

Salad with salmon and lychee

Ingredients on 4-5 servings

  • 4 pieces of salmon fillet without skin (each approximately 150-180 g);
  • 300 g of a young green peas in pods (or fresh grains);
  • 1 small cucumber;
  • 20 pcs. lychee, purified and cut in half;
  • 1 handful of coriander leaves;
  • 1 handy of basil leaves;
  • 2 red chili peppers peeled from seeds;
  • 1 red bulb;
  • 2 tbsp. Lyme juice;
  • 3 tbsp. soy sauce;
  • 2 tbsp. vegetable oil;
  • 1 tsp. Sahara.

Cooking

  1. Fillet salmon Fill 2 tbsp. Soy sauce and leave for 10-15 minutes for marination.
  2. Boil the salted water in a saucepan, put the polka dots into it and boil 30 seconds. Then cast on the colander and rinse with cold water. Leave the glass water.
  3. Oil warm in a frying pan, fry salmon fillet from all sides on high heat for 1 minute. Let cool, and then cut into small pieces.
  4. Cucumbers Cut with circles, onions - rings.
  5. Put into a salad bowl of chopped vegetables, basil and coriander, add salmon pieces and polka dots. Mix.
  6. The remaining soy sauce mix with Lyme juice and sugar. Fill the marinade salad and mix gently.

It is interesting! Fruits like lychee

Meet!

Rambutan

It is also called "wrong lychee", or "hairy lychee".

Rambutan

The fruits are rounded or oval, 3-6 cm, crosses are growing up to 30 pieces. As ripening change coloring with green on yellow-orange, and then bright red. Covered with a dense, but easily separated from the pulp, covered with rigid, bent at the ends of a crochet with a dark or light brown color, up to 2 cm long Sweet green grapes.

Like a lychee, the rambutan is more likely to eat in fresh form, are used for the preparation of salads and desserts.

Rambutan, salad

Longan.

Longan's fruits are also called "Dragon Eyes". The comparison is very accurate: if you cut the berry almost in half, then the yellow peel of the fetus resembles the eyelid, the flesh - the protein of the eye and the bone is the pupil.

Longan, Tree

Longan, Tree

Like lychee, peel and bone of the fetus are inedible. The food use the white flesh of the fetus having a kind of sweet taste.

Longan.

Longan.

Lychee: how to eat fruit

Avatar by Alexander Gushchin

Alexander Gushchin

For the taste, I do not pass, and it will be hot :)

If you have at least once in the markets of Thailand, India or South Africa, then, probably, are familiar with such a fruit as lychee. Traders often offer to try this outfit tourists. Therefore, in front of the trip, find out: what is the fruit, what does he look in the photo and how to eat it?

What is lychee

Chinese plum, eye dragon, Lidji, Lights or Latin Litchi Chinensis - all this names of one fruit that came to us from China. Lychee is a tropical evergreen fruit tree from a family of dietary flowering plants. Its fruits are small, as a rule, bright red, pinkish or brown shade, oval shape, no more than four centimeters long.

On the photo from above, small berries are covered with numerous tubercles on which sharp spikes are located. When fruit ripening, dry peel is easily separated from the pulp. The juice of lychee taste slightly tart, the flesh knits in the mouth and remotely resembles grapes, strawberries with an apple at the same time. In the center of the berry there is an oblong bone of dark brown. The same pulp contains a lot of vitamin C, potassium, magnesium, but the most important advantage of its composition is vitamin RR, which is actively withdrawing from the body. Harmful cholesterol.

Fruit lychee on the table

How to eat lychee

In Asian countries, overwhelmed fruits are used to produce wine and vinegar. Europeans to the process of processing this tropical fruit are suitable on the other side, often adding the flesh in drinks, desserts and using ice cream or shrimbet. If you wish, you can find a lot of useful and simple recipes from the photo where this fruit is used.

The berry is eaten and fresh, but to appreciate the entire taste of this fragrant product, you need to be able to choose it correctly. On the branches of trees, the fruits can be saved before the beginning of the autumn, but the torn fruit cannot be stored for a long time. Therefore, in stores, ripe lychers are mainly sold together with frozen and green leaves. When buying it is worth paying attention to the color of the peel. Green shade suggests that the berry is too early collected, and the sheath of a dark brown color about overripe - such a fruit has already lost its fragrance and sweet taste.

How to clean Litchi

The peel of this useful fruit is not suitable, so before there is a fruit, it needs to be removed. Clean the lychee can be different:

  • Option is the first - to make a small incision at the frlezing itself and gently separate the peel. Then hold the soft pulp and remove the bone. This is the most optimal way to preserve the fruit of the whole.
  • Option is the second - take the fruit with two hands, slightly reducing, turn the skin in different directions. The disadvantage of this cleaning method is that with a strong pressure, the appearance of the berry can be spoiled.
  • Option three - gently cut off the top layer in the frowness itself and with the help of a teaspoon to remove a gentle flesh.
Purified and crude lychee

Can I eat lychee bones

The editor is considered only the pulp, but everything else is not suitable for food. Although there is a bone of lychee, Chinese craftsmen at home often process them in the powder mass. From the powder make useful tea, which is drinking drugs in digestion disorders or for the prevention of worms. Nevertheless, scientific evidence of the properties of seeds or their benefit to the body is still not.

Licacy bones

Lychee in syrup

Fresh these tropical fruits are sold in stores seasonally: from May to October. During the rest of the year, you can try canned lychee, and at quite an affordable price - 1 portion of 550 ml will cost you about 200 rubles. The canned product looks outwardly as an ordinary peeled garlic, but it is not lost and smell even after a long time of stay in the marinade.

Video

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